西伯利亚的人口在20年内发生了怎样的变化

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西伯利亚的人口在20年内发生了怎样的变化
俄罗斯地图上的西伯利亚

在过去的20年里,西伯利亚和远东的人口减少了200万。据专家称,这是由于向俄罗斯联邦西部和中部地区内部移徙造成的。州立大学人口研究所的专家指出,这种趋势在未来几年不太可能改变。

该国东部的人口在1990年至2009年期间迁移到俄罗斯西部地区。在此期间,约有200万人改变了居住地区。

西伯利亚的人口在20年内发生了怎样的变化
西伯利亚

莫斯科的吸引力在1990年代初的危机之后有所增加。每年,由于移民,首都地区增长10万至13万人。这是以牺牲区域间移民为代价的。

据专家称,该国东部地区的人口没有理由停止向西部地区迁移。

西伯利亚的人口在20年内发生了怎样的变化

俄罗斯劳动力资源的地域流动性尚未预料到。专家指出,未来几十年,劳动年龄人口将有所减少。对于最容易受到领土流动影响的年轻人来说尤其如此。根据一些报告,到2025年,由于人口结构将在工作年龄内发生变化,该国人口的移民活动将减少9%。

由于现有的移民活动,俄罗斯市场劳动力的地域流动性仍然很低。对经济危机期间失业者流动性的研究表明,根据调查,只有11-13%的失业者准备在他们所在地区以外寻找工作。只有4%的受访者表示愿意搬到另一个地区。由于对专家的调查,有可能发现只有24%的受访者准备“工作”,如果他们获得高薪工作和住房。研究发现,对于西伯利亚和远东地区的重新安置,预期的工资应该是最后一个工作地点的5-6倍。

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The population of Siberia and the Far East has fallen by two million in the past 20 years. According to experts, this is due to internal migration into the western and central regions of the Russian Federation. Experts at the State University's Institute for Population Research note that this trend is unlikely to change in the coming years.

The population of the eastern part of the country migrated to western Russia between 1990 and 2009. During that time, about 2 million people changed their location.

Moscow's appeal increased after the crisis of the early 1990s. Every year, the capital region grows by 100,000 to 130,000 people due to migration. This is at the expense of interregional migration.

According to experts, there is no reason for people in the east of the country to stop moving to the west.

The geographical mobility of Russia's Labour pool has not been anticipated. Experts say the working-age population will shrink in the coming decades. This is especially true for young people who are most vulnerable to territorial movements. By 2025, according to some reports, the migration of the country's population will decrease by 9 percent as demographics change within working age.

Geographic mobility of labor in the Russian market remains low due to existing migration activities. Studies of the mobility of the unemployed during the economic crisis show that, according to surveys, only 11-13% of the unemployed are prepared to look for work outside their area. Only 4 percent of respondents said they would be willing to move to another area. Due to the survey of experts, it is possible to find that only 24% of respondents are prepared to "work" if they are offered a well-paid job and housing. For resettlement in Siberia and the Far East, the expected salary should be five to six times that of the last place of work, the study found.

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