This instinct has been unprecedentedly released in the electronic information age, and more and more people begin to use emoticons, among which the younger generation growing up with television, animation, video games and the Internet is undoubtedly the most active force. As a younger generation of college students, they are very interested in this. In the Modern Linguistics class taught by the author, they express their opinions in the form of group discussion, class presentation and book report, and even give birth to a concentrated discussion entitled "Guide to the use of emoji in the 21st Century". The topics that college students are concerned about include "formal variation of emoji", "functional variation of emoji", "pros and cons of emoji" and so on.
Emojis based on emoji are popular among college students.
Among all kinds of emoticons, the most common ones are emoji and emojis. Sun Shiqi and other students believe that memes are most commonly used by college students now, and we have stepped into the era of emojis from the era of emoji. Emoji and emoji have different inherent logic, and people resist the unity of emoji, creating a variant between emoji and emoji, that is, emojis that are transformed or synthesized based on emoji, such as "infinite" extended thumb memes.
There are not only many types of emoticons, but also different styles of the same type on different platforms. Mei Zhiyu and other students investigated the difference between built-in emoji in Tencent software (such as Wechat and QQ) and input method, and found that more people would use the former rather than the latter. Some functional variations of emoji are related to the platform, such as the semantic variation of the "smile" expression is mainly from Tencent software; for example, the "hee hee" expression is extraordinarily cute on the Samsung platform, but not so cute on other platforms. They disassembled the emoji and found that the composition of the expression of the small yellow face is "background color + face shape + expression", and its form selection is related to the psychology of facial expression, the expression of cartoon characters and the evolution of network language.
Emoticons also show a variety of variations in use. Based on a survey on bilibili's website, Chen Jing and other students found that the most frequently used emoji are "dog head", "knowledge increase", "hot eyes" and "laughing cry", among which "dog head protecting life" is known as "death-free gold medal". It can be used to judge whether the speaker is serious or joking. When using emoji, people prefer to use it alone, occasionally to express strong or complex emotions, but the greater the number, the lower the frequency; the position with the highest frequency of emoji is at the end of a sentence, followed by the beginning of a sentence, and in very few sentences. You can make clear the emotion you want to convey or set the tone for the attitude of the whole sentence.
The same emoji with different words may show very different meanings.
Compared with language, the meaning of emoji is more vague, and its use and interpretation are strongly dependent on context. Wei Zichao and other students have found that the same emoji with different words may show very different meanings.
The meaning of emoticons is more flexible, and because of this, emoticons show infinite variations in function or semantics, including situational variations. expressions such as "smile", "goodbye", "grin" and "grin" all have meanings other than the original meaning, such as "goodbye" means "goodbye", and the use meaning means "do not want to pay attention to each other, break up friends and do friends". Individual variation, they mentioned that someone had sent "demons" and "lightning" in the classroom group for a semester, and it was not until the end of the term that they knew that the former meant "smirk", while the latter meant "I will go". A survey found that women use more emoticons than men, 78% and 60% respectively. Intergenerational variation, such as it is more difficult for young people to accept the so-called "middle-aged and elderly emojis", and it is also difficult for middle-aged and elderly people to understand the meaning of "sweating" and "coffee", and so on. "the meaning behind emoji" was once a hot search on Weibo, which also shows that people are highly aware of the functional variation of emoticons.
Emoji will continue to play a role as part of communicative behavior and may be replaced by other means in the future.
Emoji can "sweep the world", thanks to its supplement of words, social lubrication and aesthetic satisfaction, but its popularity has also caused people's concern.
Some people worry that the variation of emoticons will deepen the communication gap. Sun Lingyao and other students agree that although the variation makes emoji more colorful, it also has the problem of unclear communication intention and easy misunderstanding between the two sides, which may further widen the existing gap between different groups. There are also concerns that the abuse of emoticons will lead to a decline in language ability.
This view is very popular, just like the worries about online language, but students such as Zhao Wenxuan are skeptical: emoticons make up for the lack of pure text in conveying certain intentions, but increase their communicative wisdom; emoticons are mainly used in informal situations and do not affect formal situations too much.
There are also concerns that the abuse of emoticons can lead to sensory degradation. In their view, only language can express complex thinking and delicate emotions, and if the language ability is degraded, so will the sensory ability. Sun Shiqi and other students expressed a certain agreement, because emoticons mostly desecrate and distort things that people have opinions by means of collage, parody and parodies, and do not have in-depth analysis and rational understanding of many things. these superficial, flat, visual emoticons ignore the complexity of human beings.
The above is the reflection of college students, and finally briefly talk about the author's point of view. At present, the evaluation of emoji shows a kind of contradiction: on the one hand, emoji plays an important role as paralanguage, usually citing the formula of "100% face-to-face communication = 7% language + 38% expression + 55% body language". It can be described as "praise"; on the other hand, it is said that emoji is a "shallow" and "fragmented" communication, which can only be used in language. This contradiction originates from a narrow view of language. In fact, only when we regard communication as a whole, can we give emoji an objective and fair evaluation. Linguists usually strike a balance between economy and efficiency when explaining language change and variation, which is also applicable to emoji: from an economic point of view, emoji is specific and vivid, concise in form, and based on faster and faster hardware and software. it is also becoming more and more humanized in the user experience (for example, software can automatically recommend emoticons based on input characters). From the perspective of efficiency, emoticons play a more and more irreplaceable role in greeting function, emotional function and social function. At present, emoji does a good job in its part and cannot replace other parts of communicative behavior, such as language, and of course it may not intend to overdo it.
Based on the reflection of emoji, I think that the variation of emoji is not terrible, but people are enjoying it. In addition, concerns about the decline in expression and perception caused by emoticons may also be exaggerated, as humans have been using paralanguage or other media similar to paralanguage, but have never had any serious irreversible consequences. Some people have suggested that "we can relax our guard against emojis", but the author believes that the reason is not that "many emoticons will be retained and stabilized", but that they will continue to play a role as part of communicative behavior. it may be a substitute for some means in the past, or it may be replaced by other means in the future. But the form is temporary and the function is eternal.
Author: Yang Xu & nbsp; unit: school of Arts, Wuhan University