2022未来科学大奖获奖名单公布,李文辉、杨学明、莫毅明获奖

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8月21日上午消息,未来科学大奖委员会于8月21日公布2022年获奖名单。李文辉因其发现了乙型和丁型肝炎病毒感染人的受体为钠离子-牛磺胆酸共转运蛋白(NTCP),有助于开发更有效的治疗乙型和丁型肝炎的药物的成就获得“生命科学奖”;杨学明因其研发新一代高分辨率和高灵敏度量子态分辨的交叉分子束科学仪器,揭示了化学反应中的量子共振现象和几何相位效应的成就获得“物质科学奖”;莫毅明因其创立了极小有理切线簇(VMRT)理论并用以解决代数几何领域的一系列猜想,以及对志村簇上的 Ax-Schanuel 猜想的证明获得“数学与计算机科学奖”。

2022未来科学大奖获奖名单公布,李文辉、杨学明、莫毅明获奖

未来科学大奖-生命科学奖

“生命科学奖”获奖者李文辉,奖励他发现了乙型和丁型肝炎病毒感染人的受体为钠离子-牛磺胆酸共转运蛋白(NTCP),有助于开发更有效的治疗乙型和丁型肝炎的药物。

2022未来科学大奖获奖名单公布,李文辉、杨学明、莫毅明获奖

李文辉

北京生命科学研究所

清华大学生物医学交叉研究院

乙型肝炎是人类健康的大敌,目前全球仍有超过两亿五千万人被乙型肝炎病毒感染,感染者会有高风险发展为肝硬化和肝癌。李文辉带领其实验室于 2012 年发现乙型和丁型肝炎病毒感染人的受体为钠离子-牛磺胆酸共转运蛋白(NTCP)。这一发现是乙肝病毒研究领域 30 年来里程碑式的突破,揭示了乙型和丁型肝炎病毒感染的分子机理,有助于开发更有效的治疗乙型和丁型肝炎的药物。

李文辉,1971 年出生于中国甘肃,2001 年获得中国协和医科大学博士学位。2003 年在哈佛大学医学院做博士后期间揭示了重症急性呼吸综合征(SARS)病毒通过血管紧张素转换酶2(ACE2)受体感染人类。现为北京生命科学研究所资深研究员,清华大学生物医学交叉研究院教授。

未来科学大奖-物质科学奖

“物质科学奖”获奖者杨学明,奖励他研发新一代高分辨率和高灵敏度量子态分辨的交叉分子束科学仪器,揭示了化学反应中的量子共振现象和几何相位效应。

2022未来科学大奖获奖名单公布,李文辉、杨学明、莫毅明获奖

杨学明

南方科技大学

中国科学院大连化学物理研究所

自从 Eyring和Polanyi 在 20 世纪 30 年代提出化学反应过渡态理论以来,化学动力学研究取得了多个里程碑式的进展,并多次获得诺贝尔化学奖。

杨学明开发了新一代高分辨率和高灵敏度的交叉分子束科学仪器,在基元化学反应动力学研究领域,尤其是化学反应共振态、化学反应中的几何相位效应以及量子干涉等方面的研究取得了重大突破。他发展了量子态分辨的后向散射谱学技术,通过高分辨的散射实验与精确理论研究相结合,揭示了多类化学反应共振现象,大力推动了在量子水平上化学反应过渡态的研究。此外,他还发展了高分辨的交叉分子束反应成像技术,首次在实验上发现了化学反应中的几何相位效应以及自旋-轨道共振分波之间的量子干涉现象。

杨学明的科学研究和他研发的新一代分子束科学仪器为反应动力学领域进一步理解化学反应的量子特性提供了强有力的工具,他的新发现将化学动力学领域拓展到了前所未有的深度和广度。

杨学明,1962 年出生于中国浙江。1991 年获得加州大学圣巴巴拉分校博士学位。现为南方科技大学教授和中国科学院大连化学物理研究所研究员。

未来科学大奖-数学与计算机科学奖

“数学与计算机科学奖”获奖者莫毅明,奖励他创立了极小有理切线簇(VMRT)理论并用以解决代数几何领域的一系列猜想,以及对志村簇上的 Ax-Schanuel 猜想的证明。

2022未来科学大奖获奖名单公布,李文辉、杨学明、莫毅明获奖

莫毅明

香港大学

复几何是现代数学的一个核心研究方向,在理论物理和数学的其他分支都有重要作用。在与不同合作者的工作里,莫毅明在复几何及其应用有两项基本贡献。其一是他与 Jun-Muk Hwang 一起创造了代数几何领域中的极小有理切线簇(VMRT)。这个理论是基于他早期复几何的工作上发展起来的,并被应用于证明紧不可约厄米特对称空间(compact Hermitian symmetric spaces)在凯勒(Kähler)形变下的刚性,以及 Lazarsfeld 关于有理齐次空间上解析影射的一个猜想。

其二是他与 Jonathan Pila 和 Jacob Tsimerman 合作,证明了志村簇上的 Ax-Schanuel 猜想。经典的 Schanuel 猜想是数论中的主要猜想之一,志村簇上的 Ax-Schanuel 猜想是 Schanuel 猜想在双曲几何中的重要变种。莫毅明与合作者的定理已成为算术几何中的重要工具。

莫毅明,1956 年出生于中国香港,1980 年获得斯坦福大学博士学位,现为香港大学 Edmund and Peggy Tse 讲席教授。

未来科学大奖

未来科学大奖设立于 2016 年,由科学家和企业家群体共同发起。未来科学大奖关注原创性的基础科学研究,奖励在中国内地(大陆)、香港、澳门、台湾做出杰出科技成果的科学家(不限国籍)。

获奖工作必须同时具备以下条件:

(一)产生巨大国际影响;

(二)具有原创性、长期重要性或经过了时间考验;

(三)主要在中国内地(大陆)、香港、澳门、台湾完成。完成者的国籍不限。

未来科学大奖目前设置“生命科学奖”、“物质科学奖”和“数学与计算机科学奖”三大奖项,单项奖金 675 万元人民币(等值 100 万美元)。

2016 年至今,未来科学大奖共评选出 27 位获奖者,他们均是来自生命科学、物理、化学、数学、计算机等基础和应用研究领域极具成就的科学家,做出了原创性且产生了巨大国际影响的研究工作。

2022 未来科学大奖周将于 11 月举行,为期一周的议程主要包括与知名高校联合举办的获奖者学术报告会,分享科学发展前沿成果、探讨学科交叉与学术创新的科学峰会,青少年对话获奖人及颁奖典礼。

2022未来科学大奖获奖名单公布,李文辉、杨学明、莫毅明获奖

Future Science Award-Life Science Award

Li Wenhui, winner of the Life Science Award, rewarded him for discovering that the receptor of hepatitis B and D virus infection is sodium ion-taurocholic acid cotransporter (NTCP), which helps to develop more effective drugs for the treatment of hepatitis B and D.

Li Wenhui

Beijing Institute of Life Sciences

Institute of Biomedical Crossing, Tsinghua University

Hepatitis B is the enemy of human health. at present, more than 250 million people around the world are still infected with hepatitis B virus, and people infected with hepatitis B are at high risk of developing liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. Li Wenhui led his laboratory to discover in 2012 that the receptor of hepatitis B and D viruses in humans is sodium ion-taurocholic acid cotransporter (NTCP). This discovery is a milestone in the field of hepatitis B virus research in the past 30 years, reveals the molecular mechanism of hepatitis B and D virus infection, and contributes to the development of more effective drugs for the treatment of hepatitis B and D.

Li Wenhui, born in 1971 in Gansu, China, received his doctorate from China Union Medical University in 2001. During his postdoctoral career at Harvard Medical School in 2003, it was revealed that the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) virus infects humans through angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptors. He is now a senior researcher of Beijing Institute of Life Sciences and a professor of Biomedical Cross Research Institute of Tsinghua University.

Future Science Award-material Science Award

Yang Xueming, winner of the material Science Award, rewarded him for developing a new generation of crossed molecular beam scientific instruments with high resolution and high sensitivity for quantum state resolution, revealing quantum resonance and geometric phase effects in chemical reactions.

Yang Xueming

Southern University of Science and Technology

Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Since Eyring and Polanyi put forward the transition state theory of chemical reaction in the 1930s, many milestones have been made in the study of chemical kinetics and won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for many times.

Yang Xueming has developed a new generation of cross molecular beam scientific instruments with high resolution and high sensitivity, in the field of elementary chemical reaction kinetics, in particular, great breakthroughs have been made in the research of chemical reaction resonance, geometric phase effect in chemical reaction and quantum interference. He developed the backscattering spectroscopy technique of quantum state resolution. Through the combination of high-resolution scattering experiments and accurate theoretical studies, he revealed many kinds of chemical reaction resonance phenomena and greatly promoted the study of chemical reaction transition states at the quantum level. In addition, he also developed a high-resolution cross molecular beam reaction imaging technique, which discovered the geometric phase effect in chemical reactions and the quantum interference between spin-orbit resonance partial waves for the first time.

Yang Xueming's scientific research and the new generation of molecular beam scientific instruments he developed provide powerful tools for further understanding the quantum properties of chemical reactions in the field of reaction dynamics. his new discovery expands the field of chemical dynamics to unprecedented depth and breadth.

Yang Xueming was born in Zhejiang, China in 1962. He received his doctorate from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 1991. He is now a professor of Southern University of Science and Technology and a researcher of Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Future Science Award-Mathematics and computer Science Award

Mo Yiming, winner of the Mathematics and computer Science Award, rewarded him for establishing the theory of minimal rational tangent clusters (VMRT) to solve a series of conjectures in the field of algebraic geometry and to prove Ax-Schanuel conjectures on Shimura clusters.

Mo Yiming

University of Hong Kong

Complex geometry is a core research direction of modern mathematics, which plays an important role in theoretical physics and other branches of mathematics. In his work with different collaborators, Mo Yiming made two basic contributions to complex geometry and its applications. One is that he and Jun-Muk Hwang created minimal rational tangent clusters (VMRT) in the field of algebraic geometry. This theory is based on his early work on complex geometry and is applied to prove the rigidity of compact irreducible Hermitian symmetric spaces (compact Hermitian symmetric spaces) under K ä hler deformation and Lazarsfeld's conjecture about analytic mapping on rational homogeneous spaces.

The other is that he cooperated with Jonathan Pila and Jacob Tsimerman to prove the Ax-Schanuel conjecture on the Shimura cluster. The classical Schanuel conjecture is one of the main conjectures in number theory, and the Ax-Schanuel conjecture on the Shimura cluster is an important variation of Schanuel conjecture in hyperbolic geometry. The theorem of Mo Yiming and his collaborator has become an important tool in arithmetic geometry.

Mo Yiming, born in Hong Kong, China in 1956, received his doctorate from Stanford University in 1980 and is now an Edmund and Peggy Tse professor at the University of Hong Kong.

Future Science Award

The Future Science Award was established in 2016 and is co-sponsored by a group of scientists and entrepreneurs. The Future Science Awards focus on original basic scientific research and reward scientists (regardless of nationality) who have made outstanding scientific and technological achievements in mainland China (mainland), Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan.

The winning work must have the following conditions at the same time:

(1) have a great international impact

(2) original, long-term importance or has stood the test of time

(3) mainly in the mainland of China (mainland), Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan. There is no restriction on the nationality of the person who completed it.

At present, the Future Science Awards have three major awards, namely, the Life Science Award, the material Science Award and the Mathematics and computer Science Award, with a single prize of 6.75 million yuan (equivalent to US $1 million).

Since 2016, the Future Science Awards have selected a total of 27 winners, all of whom are highly accomplished scientists from basic and applied research fields such as life sciences, physics, chemistry, mathematics and computers. has made original research work that has had a great international impact.

The 2022 Future Science Awards week will be held in November. The week-long agenda will mainly include academic presentations of winners jointly organized with well-known universities, scientific summits to share cutting-edge achievements in scientific development, and scientific summits to explore interdisciplinary and academic innovations. youth dialogue winners and award ceremony.

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