已有不少国家禁止使用较高功率的激光笔 原因是什么?

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激光技术可以因多种原因而变得有趣,无论是用来帮助演示,在大型音乐会上创造灯光效果,还是为你的猫提供一些娱乐。不过,还有其他类型的激光指示器,它们的功率更大,因此,作为一种高能量设备而言,它有潜在的危险。

据《麻省理工科技评论》报道,2008年,在澳大利亚悉尼上空飞行的多架飞机遭到了高功率激光笔的攻击。肇事者用它们来试图让飞机上的飞行员失去视觉。作为回应,澳大利亚政府迅速禁止了任何功率超过1毫瓦(mW)的激光笔。

Laser_pointers.jpg

这一事件发生后,其他国家也纷纷效仿,开始对超过1毫瓦的激光笔进行限制。在英国和美国等国家,拥有激光笔本身并不违法。然而,使用它们会给你带来麻烦,这取决于你用它们做什么。时至今日,澳大利亚在激光笔方面的法律最为严厉,甚至将其归类为武器。

这些法律因国家而异,但许多地方对激光笔都有类似的限制。如前所述,在涉及这些设备时,澳大利亚的法律最为严格。例如,在新南威尔士州,超过1毫瓦的激光笔需要许可证,这被归类为被禁止的武器。除非有合理的理由,任何大小的激光笔都不允许在公共场合携带或使用。对这种行为的惩罚可能是两年的监禁,或罚款5500澳元。

在英国,根据西约克郡警方的说法,拥有任何功率的激光笔都不违法,但建议更强大的激光器,任何2级以上的激光器都不应被公众使用。谈到合法性,真正的问题是激光笔的使用方式。如果有人试图用激光笔照射别人的眼睛或干扰汽车或飞机,这是一种会受惩罚的罪行。

在美国,法律与英国是类似的,正如联邦航空管理局所解释的那样,民众可以合法地拥有任何功率的激光器,但是将它们指向飞机或飞机的飞行路线是一种联邦罪行,可被判处最高5年的监禁。此外,食品和药物管理局监督激光笔的销售和分销,超过5毫瓦的激光笔不允许在市场上以激光笔的用途销售。

In 2008, several planes flying over Sydney, Australia were attacked by high-power laser pens, according to the MIT Technology Review. The perpetrators used them to try to blind the pilots on the plane. In response, the Australian government quickly banned any laser pen with a power of more than 1 milliwatt (mW).

After this incident, other countries followed suit and began to limit laser pens of more than 1 milliwatt. In countries such as the UK and the US, it is not illegal to own a laser pen. However, using them can cause you trouble, depending on what you do with them. Today, Australia has the most stringent laws on laser pens, even classifying them as weapons.

These laws vary from country to country, but there are similar restrictions on laser pens in many places. As mentioned earlier, Australia has the strictest laws when it comes to these devices. In New South Wales, for example, laser pens of more than 1 milliwatt require a license, which is classified as a prohibited weapon. Laser pens of any size are not allowed to be carried or used in public unless there is a reasonable reason. The penalty for such behavior may be two years in prison or a fine of A $5500.

In the UK, according to West Yorkshire police, it is not illegal to have a laser pen of any power, but it is recommended that more powerful lasers should not be used by the public. When it comes to legitimacy, the real problem is the way laser pens are used. If someone tries to use a laser pointer to shine someone in the eye or interfere with a car or aircraft, it is a punishable crime.

In the United States, the law is similar to that in Britain, where people can legally own lasers of any power, as explained by the Federal Aviation Administration, but pointing them to an aircraft or its flight path is a federal crime punishable by up to five years in prison. In addition, the Food and Drug Administration oversees the sale and distribution of laser pens, which are not allowed to be sold as laser pens on the market.

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版权声明:cnBeta 发表于 2022-06-12 09:21。
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