科学家在地球大气中发现了数百万吨奇怪新化学物质

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科学家们发现,地球大气层中的一种超强反应性化学物质的持续时间比我们以前认为的要长得多。事实上,他们认为数百万吨的这种化学物质可以在大气中停留几个小时。

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这里说的化学物质是hydrotrioxides。这种化学品是由一个氢原子和三个氧原子组成。不过,关于这些超活性化学物质在地球大气层中持续的时间最令人担忧的也许是它们对人类健康和地球气候的影响。

以前,科学家们认为hydrotrioxides只在很短的时间内存在。但现在,一项新研究表明,它们可能在地球的大气层中徘徊至少20分钟,或许更长。而且,由于它是普通化学反应的产物,所以几乎不断有新的化学物质产生。

此外,地球大气层中的这种超强反应性的化学物质可以极快地跟其他化合物发生作用。并且由于hydrotrioxides含有额外的氧原子,它们可能是极其易燃的。事实上,其他过氧化物由于其可燃性,已经被用于火箭燃料。

值得注意的是,这并不是一个新的化学反应。研究人员5月底在《科学》上发表的研究报告指出,这只是人们第一次在大气中发现这些化学物质的证据。但既然已经知道这种超反应的化学物质在存在于地球的大气层中,所以它确实需要让一些科学家了解其可能对我们的健康产生什么影响。

科学家认为hydrotrioxides具有超强反应性是有原因的。跟其他一些化学品不同,hydrotrioxides可以跟几乎所有其他化学品发生作用。此外,几乎所有的化学反应都会产生氢化三氧化物。因此,研究人员估计每年至少有1100万吨的hydrotrioxides在大气中形成。

由于这种超强反应性的化学物质在地球的大气层中如此常见,科学家们认为它可能在大气层的工作方式中发挥关键作用。不过这个部分是什么目前还不清楚。为了证明这种事情,科学家将需要更深入地研究整个hydrotrioxides。

虽然我们还没有得到所有这些答案,不过,看到科学证实我们世界中的某些东西的存在总是令人感兴趣的。虽然这种化学品本身可能不是新的,但它在我们的大气中的存在是新的知识。现在研究人员们知道了,他们可以弄清楚它可能扮演的角色--甚至它是否在其他星球的大气层中也扮演着一个角色。

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The chemical we're talking about here is hydrotrioxides. The chemical consists of one hydrogen atom and three oxygen atoms. However, perhaps the most worrying thing about the duration of these hyperactive chemicals in the Earth's atmosphere is their impact on human health and the Earth's climate.

Previously, scientists thought that hydrotrioxides existed only for a very short period of time. But now, a new study suggests that they may linger in the Earth's atmosphere for at least 20 minutes, maybe longer. Moreover, because it is the product of ordinary chemical reactions, new chemicals are almost constantly produced.

In addition, this highly reactive chemical in the Earth's atmosphere can interact with other compounds very quickly. And because hydrotrioxides contains extra oxygen atoms, they can be extremely flammable. In fact, other peroxides have been used in rocket fuel because of their flammability.

It is worth noting that this is not a new chemical reaction. This is only the first time evidence of these chemicals has been found in the atmosphere, according to a report published in Science at the end of May. But now that this superreactive chemical is known to exist in Earth's atmosphere, it does need to let some scientists know what impact it might have on our health.

Scientists believe that hydrotrioxides is super reactive for a reason. Unlike some other chemicals, hydrotrioxides can interact with almost all other chemicals. In addition, almost all chemical reactions produce hydrogenated trioxides. As a result, the researchers estimate that at least 11 million tons of hydrotrioxides are formed in the atmosphere each year.

Because this super-reactive chemical is so common in Earth's atmosphere, scientists think it may play a key role in the way the atmosphere works. But it is not clear what this part is. To prove this, scientists will need to delve deeper into the entire hydrotrioxides.

Although we haven't got all these answers yet, it's always interesting to see that science confirms the existence of something in our world. Although the chemical itself may not be new, its presence in our atmosphere is new knowledge. Now that researchers know, they can figure out what role it might play-even if it plays a role in the atmospheres of other planets.

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