The Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, founded in 1956, is the first few scientific research institutes established in the early days of the founding of the people’s Republic of China. It is also a social public welfare geoscience research institution with a full range of specialties, the largest scale and strong technical force. It is an important part of the national innovation system. Currently engaged in geological research fields include basic geology, mineral geology, hydrogeology, engineering geology, karst geology, environmental geology, deep exploration, geophysical and geochemical exploration technology, rock and mineral testing technology, comprehensive utilization technology of mineral resources, etc., the main task is to solve major geological science and technology problems in national economic and social development through innovative research. Provide decision-making basis for the planning, management, protection and rational utilization of land and resources. Provide staff and consultation for the Ministry of Land and Resources to participate in national macro-control; provide scientific and technological support for geological survey and prospecting breakthroughs, train senior geological scientific and technological personnel, serve national economic construction and social development, and climb the heights of geoscience.
At present, the number of personnel of the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences is 2753, with an actual number of 3378 at the end of 2011, including 1738 employees and 1640 retirees. Among the working staff of the hospital, there are 1304 professional and technical personnel, including 14 academicians of the two academies, 295 senior engineers at the level of researchers and professors, 271 associate researchers and senior engineers, 408 doctoral degrees and 336 master’s degrees. 6 winners of the National Outstanding Youth Fund, 13 entered the National 10 million Talent Program, and 44 received special government subsidies. Among the professional and technical personnel, a geological science and technology team is formed, which is led by academicians, researchers and doctors as the main body, strong innovative ability and high-level talent-intensive.
Since its establishment, the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences has successively completed more than 10,000 scientific research projects and tasks, submitted a large number of important scientific and technological achievements with high scientific and technological level and obvious social benefits, and won a considerable number of national and provincial and ministerial awards. it has played an important role in the development of geological undertakings in New China and wrote a brilliant chapter. He directed the discovery of large deposits such as Daqing Oilfield, Northern Guangdong uranium Mine, Baiyinchang Copper Mine, Dachang Tin Mine, Lop Nur Potash Salt and Salt Lake Lithium Mine, which made great contributions to the construction of the national economy. It has a large number of famous scientists, such as Li Siguang, Huang Jiqing, Xie Jiarong and Cheng Yuqi, and more than 40 academicians have worked in our hospital.
The Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences is now composed of eight units, including the Department and the Institute of Geology, the Institute of Mineral Resources, the Institute of Geomechanics, the Institute of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology, the Institute of Geophysics and Geochemistry, the Institute of Karst Geology, and the National Geological Experimental Test Center. It has successively established the UNESCO International Karst Research Center, the National Modern Geophysical Exploration Engineering Technology Center, the State key Laboratory of Continental Tectonics and Dynamics, and the Beijing Ion probe Center, the country’s first scientific and technological basic condition platform. it has 14 key laboratories of the Ministry of Land and Resources, 4 ministerial testing centers and 15 field scientific observation and research bases of the Ministry of Land and Resources.
The Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences has a graduate department, which has 2 first-class doctoral degree programs, 2 postdoctoral research stations, 8 doctoral degree authorized majors and 11 master’s degree authorized majors. at present, it is the only senior geological personnel training base of the Ministry of Land and Resources with the right to grant doctoral and master’s degrees and the flow station of postdoctoral scientific research.
The Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences has extensive exchanges and cooperation with the international geosciences, and has established long-term friendly and cooperative relations with more than 40 countries and regions and nearly 100 foreign scientific research institutions. Hundreds of international cooperation projects have been organized and implemented, and a large number of important achievements have been achieved. 33 experts have served in international academic organizations, which have played an important role in introducing, digesting, absorbing, developing and popularizing the world’s advanced geological theories and techniques. The Secretariat of the National Committee of the China International Geoscience Program, the China Geological Science Center of the World data Center, the Geological Heritage Beijing Office of the International Union of Geosciences, and other international geoscience organizations and relevant institutions, as well as the Chinese Geological Society, Li Siguang Geoscience Award Foundation and the National Committee of Stratigraphy are affiliated with the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences.
During the Eleventh five-year Plan period, it has organized and implemented national special projects such as deep exploration technology and experimental research, Wenchuan earthquake fault scientific drilling project, and a large number of important scientific and technological projects. Organized and carried out important international scientific and technological cooperation projects, such as the Deep profile and Comprehensive study of the Himalayas and Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (INDEPTH), Sino-Russian cooperative mapping of Mongolia, Kazakhstan and South Korea, Sino-Russian bipolar joint scientific expedition, international geochemical mapping, 1: 5 million Asian geological mapping, Asian groundwater resources and environmental geological mapping, etc., and established a UNESCO International Karst Research Center in Guilin. It promotes the innovation of geoscience theory and the development of geological science and technology. In the fields of continental dynamics, continental metallogenic theory, early earth biological evolution, karst dynamics, groundwater circulation and regulation, geological environment and geological disasters, exploration geochemistry, deep exploration of the earth, etc., achieved international advanced research results. Through independent innovation and technological transformation, the geological exploration and experimental testing technology has been developed, the global remote automatic monitoring network virtual experiment system has been established, and the remote control technology of large-scale scientific instruments has maintained a leading position in the world.
During the Eleventh five-year Plan period, the hospital published more than 4000 papers, including 762 papers on SCI, 54 papers on EI, 4 papers on NATURE and SCIENCE, and 130 monographs. It won 6 national scientific and technological progress awards, 1 national scientific and technological invention awards, 62 provincial and ministerial scientific and technological achievements awards, and 5 national invention patents. In 2007, the competitiveness of scientific research entered the ranks of the top 1000 scientific research institutions in the world, and ranked 57th in the field of geosciences.
The train of thought for the development of scientific and technological work in the 12th five-year Plan: follow the scientific and technological work policy of “independent innovation, key leapfrogging, supporting development, and leading the future”, with a global perspective, based on the forefront of geoscience development, take supporting the country’s demand for energy and mineral resources as the guidance, give full play to the overall scientific and technological advantages, organize and implement major scientific and technological projects, and promote the development of geoscience. We have made innovative achievements that are of great value to the national economy, people’s livelihood and scientific development and have an international impact, and make new and greater contributions to the sustainable supply of resources, efficient utilization and protection of the geological environment, disaster reduction and prevention.
The goal and task of the 12th five-year Plan: to implement a major scientific project-the National crustal Exploration Project, to provide solid technical support for deep energy breakthroughs and the opening up of the “second prospecting space”, and to provide a theoretical basis for high-precision early warning and prediction of geological disasters. Organize and implement three major innovative studies, including national basic geological innovation research, mineral resources innovation research, global change and geological environment innovation research, further develop geoscience theory and ore-forming and accumulation theory, lead the development direction of geological survey, support and serve the strategic action of ore prospecting breakthrough, and promote China from a big geoscience country to a geoscience power. Develop five major technical methods, including high-precision gravity, magnetic, electric and seismic geophysical exploration key technologies, geochemical mapping and geochemical exploration techniques, modern testing and analysis techniques, comprehensive utilization of mineral resources and field experimental observation techniques, etc., to form a system of geological exploration and experimental testing techniques with international advanced level. To undertake five aspects of scientific and technological support services, including the study of major basic geological problems, mineral resources potential evaluation and resource strategy research, discipline development and canonical research, research and development and application of geological prospecting techniques, instruments and equipment, geological mapping and the construction of geological and mineral resources database, to serve geological survey, mineral exploration and economic and social development. We will build 2 scientific research bases, 2-3 international research centers, 2-3 national key laboratories and 6-8 important field observation systems, greatly improve the building of innovative capacity, and train and introduce high-end scientific and technological leaders.
During the 12th five-year Plan period, our scientific and technological competitiveness has been significantly enhanced, the scientific research environment has been significantly improved, the construction of innovation platform and the introduction of talents have made breakthroughs, and the ability to support and serve the cause of land and resources has been greatly improved. it has played a significant role in leading and supporting the realization of the grand goal of ore prospecting breakthrough strategic action, and the competitiveness of science and technology and international academic status have been significantly improved. Strive to enter the ranks of world-class geoscience research institutions as soon as possible.
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