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天目山禅源寺

天目山禅源寺位于浙江省临安市西天目山南麓昭明旭日两峰之下掩映在青山绿林之中是韦驮菩萨应迹道场是浙江名刹之一。四周环山景色极为幽雅。历代高僧辈出传法系属临济宗

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天目山禅源寺的简介

天目山禅源寺简介

天目山禅源寺位于浙江省临安市西天目山南麓昭明、旭日两峰之下,掩映在青山绿林之中,是韦驮菩萨应迹道场,是浙江名刹之一。四周环山,景色极为幽雅。历代高僧辈出,传法系属临济宗,远播东瀛。抗日战争时期,为浙江省一中所在地,浙江大学内迁,曾暂驻于此。一九四一年四月十五日,遭日机轰炸,大雄宝殿及东厢建筑化为灰烬,禅源寺由此趋于荒落。

构造

禅源寺规模宏大,布局完整。分中、东、西三条轴线∶中轴线上依次为天王殿、韦驮殿、大雄宝殿、法堂(楼上为御书阁)、祖堂(楼上为涵辉楼);东轴线上为客堂(又称五间楼房)、上客房、药师殿(楼为净土阁)、方丈(楼为大澍阁),追远堂(楼上为大悲楼),追远堂东侧又有地藏殿(楼上为观音阁);西轴线上为官客堂(又称尊客堂,二层)西客堂(云水堂)、介堂(楼上为意珠楼、堂东为内客堂)、禅堂、楼云轩(楼上为晚香阁、轩东为蒙堂)。其它尚有焙茶房、齐堂、库存房等附属建筑,目前,大雄宝殿以东建筑,因毁于日机轰炸,早以荡然无存,但遗址犹在;西轴线上建筑,尚基本完整,只是官客堂已改建为「天目山宾馆」,其馀原建筑尚存。

地位

禅源寺在中国佛教史和浙江佛教史上均有特定地位。日本佛教临济宗视其为祖庭之一,曾多次来浙江参拜。西天目山林木茂盛,风景幽雅,为杭州整个山系、水系之发源地。其水东出大溪溢东流而为苕溪,西趋于潜悬为紫溪,合庐之水,以淮于浙江。《水经注》云∶「浙江水出吴兴郡于潜悬北天目山,山极高峻,崖岭竦叠。西临后洞,山上有霜木,皆是数百年树,谓之翔凤林;东西有瀑布,下注数亩深沼,名曰蛟池…又东南连山挟水,两峰交峙,反顶对石,往往相捍。十余里中,积石磊 ,相扶而上,洞下白砂细石,状若霜雪,水木相映,泉石争辉,名曰楼林。」。

2001年在月照法师下,禅源寺重建并举行开光盛典。

A brief introduction to Tianmu Mountain Zanyuan Temple

Tianmu Mountain Zanyuan Temple is located under the two peaks of Zhaoming and the rising sun at the southern foot of West Tianmu Mountain in Lin’an City, Zhejiang Province, hidden in the green mountains and green forests. it is the center of Weituo Bodhisattva and one of the famous temples in Zhejiang. Surrounded by mountains, the scenery is extremely elegant. A large number of eminent monks emerged in previous dynasties, and the Dharma Department belonged to Linji Zong, which spread far away to Japan. During the War of Resistance against Japan, it was the seat of No. 1 Middle School in Zhejiang Province. Zhejiang University moved inside and was temporarily stationed here. On April 15, 1941, the main Hall and the East Wing buildings were reduced to ashes by Japanese planes, and the Zen Yuan Temple tended to be desolate.

Construction

Zanyuan Temple has a large scale and complete layout. There are three axes: the Heavenly King Hall, the Wei Tuo Hall, the main Hall, the Dharma Hall (the Royal Book Pavilion upstairs) and the ancestral Hall (Hanhui Building) on the central axis; on the eastern axis are the guest hall (also known as the five buildings), the upper guest room, the pharmacist hall (the building is the Pure Land Pavilion), the abbot (the Great Shu Pavilion), the Yuanyuan Hall (the Great Mercy Building upstairs), and the Di Zang Hall (the Guanyin Pavilion upstairs). On the west axis, it is the official Guest Hall (also known as the Guan Guest Hall, the second floor), the West Guest Hall (Yunshui Hall), Jietang (upstairs for Yizhu Tower, East Hall for Inner Guest Hall), Zen Hall, Lou Yunxuan (upstairs for Wanxiang Pavilion, Xuandong for Mengtang). There are other ancillary buildings such as baking teahouse, Qitang, inventory room, and so on. At present, the building to the east of the main Hall has disappeared because it was destroyed by Japanese aircraft bombing, but the site remains; the building on the western axis is still basically complete, but the official guest hall has been converted into “Tianmu Mountain Hotel”, and the rest of the original building is still alive.

Status

Zen Yuan Temple has a specific position in the history of Buddhism in China and Zhejiang. The Linji sect of Japanese Buddhism regarded it as one of the ancestral courts and visited Zhejiang many times. West Tianmu Mountain, with lush forests and elegant scenery, is the birthplace of the whole mountain system and river system in Hangzhou. Its water flows from Daxi in the east to Tiaoxi in the east and Zixi in the west to Huaihe in Zhejiang. “Shuijing Note” cloud: “Zhejiang water out of Wuxing County in the north Tianmu Mountain, the mountain is extremely high and steep, the cliffs are stacked.” West facing the back hole, there are frost trees on the mountain, all hundreds of years old trees, called Xiang Fenglin; there are waterfalls in the east and west, bet on several acres of deep marsh, called Jiaochi. And southeast Lianshan water, two peaks confrontation, anti-top to stone, often defend each other. In more than ten miles, accumulating stone lei, helping each other, white sand and fine stone under the cave, shaped like frost and snow, water and wood reflect each other, spring stone Zhenghui, known as Lou Lin. “.

In 2001, under Master Yuezhao, Zen Yuan Temple was rebuilt and a grand opening ceremony was held.

天目山禅源寺位于浙江省临安市西天目山南麓昭明、旭日两峰之下,掩映在青山绿林之中,是韦驮菩萨应迹道场,是浙江名刹之一。

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