故宫博物馆的简介

故宫博物馆简介

沈阳故宫,又称盛京皇宫,在清代则称盛京宫殿、陪都宫殿或留都宫殿等。

历史地位

沈阳故宫博物馆最早是清初皇宫。原名盛京宫阙,后称奉天行宫。在辽宁省沈阳市旧城中心。占地面积6万平方米,有建筑90余所,300余间,是中国现存仅次于北京故宫的最完整的皇宫建筑。在建筑艺术上承袭了中国古代建筑的传统,集汉、满、蒙族建筑艺术为一体,具有很高的历史和艺术价值。1961年中华人民共和国国务院公布为全国重点文物保护单位。

艺术价值

沈阳故宫博物院不仅是以其多民族风格的宫苑建筑成为著名的旅游胜地,更以其丰富的院藏文物珍宝而享誉中外。其中,尤以明清宫廷文物弥足珍贵,堪称国宝。院藏文物珍宝展是集故宫院藏服饰、珐琅器、书画、雕刻品、漆器、瓷器等门类藏品之精粹。这些文物集中体现了我国劳动人民高超的工艺水准和清代宫廷的艺术风格,反映了我国明清时期生产工艺的水平。具有重要的观赏价值和研究价值。

建筑布局

沈阳故宫,又称盛京皇宫,在清代
则称盛京宫殿、陪都宫殿或留都宫殿等。其始建于努尔哈赤时期的一六二五年,建成于皇太极时期的一六三六年,后经康熙、乾隆皇帝不断地改建、增建,形成了今日共有宫殿亭台楼阁斋堂等建筑一百余座,屋宇五百余间,占地面积达六万平方米的格局面貌。这是清王朝亲手缔造的第一座大气庄严的帝王宫殿建筑群,其浓郁多姿的满族民族风格和中国东北地方特色,都是北京明清故宫所无法比拟的。作为满汉建筑艺术融合得尽善尽美的范例,沈阳故宫既是中国最著名的历史古迹和旅游胜地,也是当之无愧的优秀世界文化遗产。

沈阳故宫始建于后金天命十年(明天启五年,1625),建成于清崇德元年(明崇祯九年,1637)。清顺治元年(1644),清政权移都北京后,成为“陪都宫殿”。从康熙十年(1671)到道光九年(1829)间,清朝皇帝11次东巡祭祖谒陵曾驻跸于此,并有所扩建。

A brief introduction to the Palace Museum

Shenyang Imperial Palace, also known as Shengjing Imperial Palace, was called Shengjing Palace, accompanying Capital Palace or Liudu Palace in the Qing Dynasty.

Historical position

The Imperial Palace Museum in Shenyang was the first imperial palace in the early Qing Dynasty. It was formerly known as Shengjing Palace, later known as Fengtian Palace. In the center of the old city of Shenyang, Liaoning Province. Covering an area of 60,000 square meters, there are more than 90 buildings and more than 300, which is the most complete imperial palace building in China, second only to the Imperial Palace in Beijing. In the architectural art, it inherits the tradition of ancient Chinese architecture, integrates the architectural art of Han, Manchu and Mongolian, and has high historical and artistic value. In 1961, the State Council of the people’s Republic of China announced it as a national key cultural relic protection unit.

Artistic value

Shenyang Palace Museum is famous not only for its multi-ethnic palace architecture, but also for its rich collection of cultural relics at home and abroad. Among them, the palace cultural relics of the Ming and Qing dynasties are very precious, which can be called a national treasure. The exhibition of cultural relics and treasures collected in the Imperial Palace is the essence of the collection of clothing, enamel, calligraphy and painting, carvings, lacquer ware, porcelain and so on. These cultural relics reflect the superb craftsmanship level of our working people and the artistic style of the court of the Qing Dynasty, and reflect the level of production technology of our country in the Ming and Qing dynasties. It has important ornamental value and research value.

Architectural layout

Shenyang Imperial Palace, also known as Shengjing Imperial Palace, in the Qing Dynasty

It is called Shengjing Palace, accompanying Capital Palace or Liudu Palace and so on. It was built in 1625 in the Nuerhachi period and in 1636 in the Huang Taiji period. later, it was continuously rebuilt and added by Emperors Kangxi and Qianlong, resulting in more than 100 palaces, pavilions, pavilions, Zhai Hall and other buildings today. there are more than 500 houses, covering an area of 60,000 square meters. This is the first magnificent imperial palace complex created by the Qing Dynasty, and its rich and colorful Manchu ethnic style and local characteristics of Northeast China are incomparable to the Imperial Palace of the Ming and Qing dynasties in Beijing. As an example of the perfect integration of Manchu and Han architectural art, Shenyang Imperial Palace is not only the most famous historical site and tourist attraction in China, but also a well-deserved excellent world cultural heritage.

The Imperial Palace in Shenyang was built in the tenth year of the destiny of the later Jin Dynasty (five years from tomorrow, 1625) and completed in the first year of Chongde of the Qing Dynasty (the ninth year of Chongzhen of the Ming Dynasty, 1637). In the first year of Shunzhi of the Qing Dynasty (1644), after the Qing regime moved its capital to Beijing, it became the “accompanying capital palace”. From the tenth year of Emperor Kangxi (1671) to the ninth year of Daoguang (1829), the Qing emperor made 11 visits to the east to offer sacrifices to his ancestors.

沈阳故宫博物馆最早是清初皇宫。原名盛京宫阙,后称奉天行宫。在辽宁省沈阳市旧城中心。占地面积6万平方米,有建筑90余所,300余间,是中国现存仅次于北京故宫的最完整的皇宫建筑。在建筑艺术上承袭了中国古代建筑的传统,集汉、满、蒙族建筑艺术为一体,具有很高的历史和艺术价值。1961年中华人民共和国国务院公布为全国重点文物保护单位。

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