江西龙虎山
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江西龙虎山

“中国道都”龙虎山位于江西省鹰潭市南郊16公里处。国家AAAAA级风景名胜区。是中国道教发祥地国家重点风景名胜区2007年加入世界地质公园网络。

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江西龙虎山的简介

江西龙虎山简介

“中国道都”龙虎山位于江西省鹰潭市南郊16公里处。国家AAAAA级风景名胜区。是中国道教发祥地,国家重点风景名胜区,2007年加入世界地质公园网络。龙虎山景区简介龙虎山是2009年经国务院批准的我国向联合国教科文组织世界自然遗产中心推荐的中国丹霞[龙虎山等六处风景名胜区组合申报]项目,是2010年中国唯一申遗项目。2009年,龙虎山入围“中国大学生最喜欢的旅游名胜区”金奖。

龙虎山为道教正一派“祖庭”。在中国道教史上有着承先启后、继往开来的地位和作用以及重大影响。龙虎山原名云锦山,乃独秀江南的秀水灵山。此地群峰绵延数十里,为象山一支脉西行所致。传喻九十九条龙在此集结,山状若龙盘,似虎踞,龙虎争雄,势不相让;上清溪自东远途飘入,依山缓行,绕山转峰,似小憩,似恋景,过滩呈白,遇潭现绿,或轻声雅语,或静心沉思。九十九峰二十四岩,尽取水之至柔,绕山转峰之溪水,遍纳九十九龙之阳刚,山丹水绿,灵性十足。不久,灵山秀水被神灵相中,即差两仙鹤导引张道陵携弟子出入于山,炼丹修道。山神知觉,龙虎现身,取代云锦。自后,龙虎山碧水丹山秀其外,道教文化美其中,位居道教名山之首,被誉为道教第一仙境。

张道陵于龙虎山修道炼丹大成后,从汉末第四代天师张盛始,历代天师华居此地,守龙虎山寻仙觅术,坐上清宫演教布化,居天师府修身养性,世袭道统63代,奕世沿守1800余年,他们均得到历代封建王朝的崇奉和册封,官至一品,位极人臣,形成中国文化史上传承世袭“南张北孔”两大世家。上清宫和嗣汉天师府得到历代王朝无数次的赐银,进行了无数次的扩建和维修,宫府的建筑面积、规模、布局、数量、规格创道教建筑史之最。龙虎山在鼎盛时期,建有道观80余座,道院36座,道宫数个,是名副其实的“道都”,是道士的世界王国。

此外,龙虎山景区应天山象山书院是中国古代哲学中“顿悟心学”
派的发源地;金龙峰马祖岩是禅宗史上贡献最大的禅师之一马祖道早期参禅悟道的场所;仙水岩的崖墓群是中国葬俗史上的奇观;“仙女现花”为道教第一绝景、世界第一绝景,等等。《龙虎山志·艺文》载:“龙虎山历魏、晋、唐、宋,代有褒崇,若山川之胜,宫宇之丽,人物之繁,仙迹之异,道行之神,爵望之显。代之慕拟歆艳者,或美之于诗文,垂之金石,传递一千余载。”龙虎山几千年来积淀而成的丰厚的道教文化遗产,和它在中国道教史上显赫的祖庭地位,以及对中国道教发展所作的贡献,被人公认为“道教名山”,在江西宗教史上也有十分重要的地位。

近年来,龙虎山风景名胜区重在加强对道教文化内涵方面的发掘建设,推出了以了解道教概况,领略道教祖庭的威严的“瞰道教全貌”
的“身”游线路;推出了以领会道教崇尚“无为、自然”核心思想的
“览道教仙境”的“心”游线路;还推出了以探考张道陵创道之目的的“思崖墓之奇”的“神”游线路,完善各项设施,采取多种措施,使“百神受职之所”、“洞天福地”的龙虎山抖落尘埃,紫气升腾,纳迎四方宾客,替天行道,禳灾降魔,造福于民,被旅游界誉为“道教朝圣游和第一游”。

中国大多数的丹霞地貌由于地形高差相对较大,故以雄奇险峻为特色。而龙虎山属于发育到老年期的丹霞地貌,山块离散,呈峰林状,地形高差相对较小,最大只有240米左右,因此总体显得秀美多姿。龙虎山丹霞地貌类型也较为多样,集中分布在龙虎山和仙水岩景区约40平方公里的范围内。景区内又有泸溪河流过,将两岸的丹崖地貌景观串联一体,也有碧水丹崖的特点。

Brief introduction of Longhu Mountain in Jiangxi Province

Longhu Mountain, the capital of China, is located 16 kilometers south of Yingtan City, Jiangxi Province. National AAAAA Scenic spot. It is the birthplace of Taoism in China and a national key scenic spot. It joined the World Geopark Network in 2007. A brief introduction to Longhushan Scenic spot Longhu Mountain is a Danxia project recommended by China to the UNESCO World Natural Heritage Center approved by the State Council in 2009. It is the only project in China in 2010. In 2009, Longhushan was shortlisted for the Gold Award of “Chinese College students’ favorite tourist attractions”.

Longhushan is the “ancestral court” of the Taoist school. It has the status and role of inheriting the past and opening up the future as well as great influence in the history of Chinese Taoism. Dragon and Tiger Mountain, formerly known as Yunjinshan, is a Xiushui Ling Mountain in the south of the Yangtze River. The peaks here stretch for dozens of miles, caused by the westward movement of a branch of Xiangshan. It is said that 99 dragons gather here, the mountain shape is like a dragon plate, like a tiger, the dragon and tiger competes for supremacy, and the Shangqing River floats in from the east, walking slowly according to the mountain, turning around the mountain to the peak, like a nap, like a love scene, crossing the beach is white, meet the pool is green, or whisper elegant language, or meditate. 99 peak 24 rock, take water to soft, around the mountain to the peak of the stream, filled with 99 dragon masculine, Shandan water green, full of spirit. Soon, Lingshan Xiushui was loved by the gods, that is, two immortal cranes led Zhang Daoling to go in and out of the mountains with his disciples to practice alchemy. Mountain god consciousness, dragon and tiger appear, instead of cloud brocade. Since then, Dragon and Tiger Mountain clear water Dan Shan show its outside, Taoist cultural beauty among them, ranking first among the famous Taoist mountains, known as the first Taoist fairyland.

After Zhang Daoling became a great master of monastic practice and alchemy in Longhushan, Zhang Shengshi, the fourth generation heavenly master in the late Han Dynasty, lived here, guarded the art of searching for immortals in Longhu Mountain, taught and taught in the Qing Dynasty, lived in the Tianshi mansion, inherited Taoist tradition for 63 generations, and Yi Shi kept it for more than 1800 years. They were all worshipped and canonized by feudal dynasties, officials to Yiping, and extremely human courtiers, forming two hereditary families of “Southern Zhang Bei Kong” in Chinese cultural history. The Shangqing Palace and Sihan Tianshi House received numerous silver gifts from successive dynasties, and carried out numerous expansion and maintenance. The building area, scale, layout, quantity and specifications of the palace are the highest in the history of Taoist architecture. In its heyday, Longhu Mountain had more than 80 Taoist temples, 36 Taoist temples and several Taoist palaces. It is a veritable “Taoist capital” and the world kingdom of Taoists.

In addition, the Xiangshan Academy in the Dragon and Tiger Mountain Scenic spot is an “epiphany” in ancient Chinese philosophy.

The birthplace of the sect; Jinlongfeng Mazuyan is one of the most contributed Zen masters in the history of Zen; the cliff tombs of Xianshuiyan are a spectacle in the history of Chinese burial; “Fairy present Flowers” is the first spectacle of Taoism, the first spectacle of the world, and so on. The Art of Dragon and Tiger Mountain contains: “Dragon and Tiger Mountain has been praised in Wei, Jin, Tang and Song dynasties, such as the victory of mountains and rivers, the beauty of the palace, the complexity of characters, the difference of fairy traces, the god of Taoism, and the appearance of magnificence. Instead, they admire those who are full of beauty, or beauty in poetry, hanging stone, passed on for more than a thousand years. ” Longhushan’s rich Taoist cultural heritage accumulated over thousands of years, its prominent ancestral status in the history of Chinese Taoism, and its contribution to the development of Chinese Taoism are recognized as “famous Taoist mountains”. It also has a very important position in the religious history of Jiangxi.

In recent years, Longhushan Scenic spot has focused on strengthening the excavation and construction of Taoist cultural connotation, and launched a “panoramic view of Taoism” in order to understand the general situation of Taoism and appreciate the majestic Taoist ancestral court.

The “body” tour route; launched to understand the Taoist core idea of “inaction and nature”

The “heart” tour route of “visit Taoist Wonderland”; it has also launched a “god” tour route of “thinking about the wonder of the cliff tomb” for the purpose of exploring Zhang Daoling’s creation, improving various facilities, and taking various measures to shake off the dust from the Dragon and Tiger Mountain of the “hundred gods” and “the blessed land of the cave”. The purple gas rises, welcomes guests from all directions, acts on behalf of heaven, reduces disasters and demons, and benefits the people, and is praised as “Taoist pilgrimage and the first tour” by the tourism community.

Most of the Danxia landforms in China are characterized by magnificent and precipitous landforms because of the relatively large height difference of topography. The Longhu Mountain belongs to the Danxia landform developed to the old age, the mountain block is discrete, showing a peak forest shape, the terrain height difference is relatively small, the maximum is only about 240 meters, so the overall appearance is beautiful and colorful. Danxia landforms in Longhu Mountain are also diverse, which are mainly distributed in an area of about 40 square kilometers in Longhu Mountain and Xianshuiyan Scenic area. There is also a Luxi River flowing through the scenic area, connecting the landforms on both sides of the strait, which also has the characteristics of clear water and Dan Cliff.

鹰潭龙虎山位于江西省鹰潭市,江西龙虎山是道教正一派的祖庭,鼻祖张陵曾在江西龙虎山福地炼丹成功,现江西龙虎山已是道教发祥地、国家级风景名胜区,江西龙虎山风景区内有悬棺表演等供游客欣赏

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