Internet Watch Foundation
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Internet Watch Foundation

英国网络观察基金会(Internet Watch Foundation,简称IWF)是英国网络商于1996年9月自发组织成立的一个半官方性质的互联网监督组织和行业自律组织,其前身是安全网络基金会。

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Internet Watch Foundation的简介

  英国网络观察基金会(Internet Watch
Foundation,简称IWF)是英国网络商于1996年9月自发组织成立的一个半官方性质的互联网监督组织和行业自律组织,其前身是安全网络基金会。

  网站服务

  基金会的主要目的是监督互联网业者的非法和不道德行为,解决互联网上日益增多的违法犯罪问题,如色情、性虐待、种族歧视等,尤其致力于儿童色情问题的解决。它在英国工业贸易部、内政部和英国城市警察署的支持下进行日常工作,其基金主要由网络服务提供商、移动开发制造商、信息内容提供商以及通信软件公司等私人公司提供。基金会的管理机构理事会由网络业主和非网络人士共同组成。

  英国对互联网内容进行管理时贯彻的是“监督而非监控”的理念,它主要通过网络观察基金会来实行。基金会为鼓励从业者自律,与由50家网络服务提供商组成的联盟组织ISPA、伦敦网络协会(LINX)以及英国城市警察署、内政部共同签署了《“安全网络:分级、检举、责任”协议》(又称《R3安全网络协议》)。网络基金会以此为基础,制定了从业人员行为守则(ISPA
Code of Practice)。其主要精神有:鼓励新科技使用、帮助家长与教师认识新科技、网络提供者有责任确保内容的合法性等。

  英国网络观察基金会管理原则:首先,互联网并不是法律的真空地带,对其他媒介适用的法律,如刑法、猥亵物出版法、公共秩序法,对互联网同样适用。其次,按照英国目前的法律规定,互联网上的“非法内容”就是指儿童色情内容。对于非儿童色情但有可能引起用户反感的网络内容(如成人色情、种族主义言论等),管理者应该尊重用户的个人意愿,通过分类认定和标注系统,使用户自行选择想看到或不想看到的内容。

UK Internet Watch Foundation (Internet Watch)

Foundation (abbreviated as IWF) is a semi-official Internet supervision organization and industry self-discipline organization established spontaneously by British Internet businessmen in September 1996. its predecessor is the Security Network Foundation.

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The main purpose of the foundation is to monitor the illegal and immoral behavior of Internet operators, to solve the increasing number of crimes on the Internet, such as pornography, sexual abuse, racial discrimination, etc., especially to solve the problem of child pornography. It carries out day-to-day work with the support of the Department of Industry and Trade, the Home Office and the Metropolitan Police, and its funds are mainly provided by private companies such as Internet service providers, mobile development manufacturers, information content providers and communications software companies. The governing body board of the foundation is composed of network owners and non-network people.

In the UK, the concept of “supervision rather than monitoring” is implemented in the management of Internet content, which is mainly implemented through the Network Watch Foundation. In order to encourage practitioners’ self-discipline, the Foundation signed the “Security Network: classification, whistleblowing, responsibility Agreement” (also known as “R3 Security Network Agreement”) with ISPA, the London Network Association (LINX), the Metropolitan Police and the Home Office. On this basis, the Internet Foundation has formulated a code of conduct for practitioners (ISPA

Code of Practice). Its main spirits are: to encourage the use of new technology, to help parents and teachers understand new technology, and the responsibility of Internet providers to ensure the legitimacy of content.

British Internet Watch Foundation management principles: first of all, the Internet is not a legal vacuum, laws applicable to other media, such as criminal law, obscene publication law, public order law, are also applicable to the Internet. Second, according to the current British law, “illegal content” on the Internet refers to child pornography. For online content that is not child pornography but may be offensive to users (such as adult pornography, racist remarks, etc.), managers should respect the personal wishes of users and identify and label the system through classification. Enable users to choose what they want to see or do not want to see.

Internet Watch Foundation | We work internationally to make the internet a safer place, use our online reporting tool and find out more about IWF.

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