日本众议院
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日本众议院

日本众议院是构成日本国会的议院之一众议院与参议院共同组成两院制的日本国会众议院议员的任期为四年较参议院的六年为短但由于众议院有途中解散的制度

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日本众议院的简介

  日本众议院是构成日本国会的议院之一,众议院与参议院共同组成两院制的日本国会,众议院议员的任期为四年,较参议院的六年为短,但由于众议院有途中解散的制度,因而被认为较能忠实地反映民意,故相对于参议院而言众议院拥有较高的地位。

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  日本国会是由两个拥有各自的议决权的议院所组成,由这两个议院议决而形成议会一致的决议,这种制度被称为两院制,一般众议院中多数党领袖担任首相一职。日本众议院议员的任期为四年,较参议院的六年任期稍短。但由于日本众议院有途中解散的制度,被认为较能忠实地反映民意,故相对于参议院而言,日本众议院拥有较高的地位和较大的权力(日本众议院优越制)。内阁有权解散日本众议院。若日本众议院通过内阁不信任案(或否决内阁信任案)时,内阁若十日以内不解散日本众议院则必须总辞。日本的立法机关包括了由人民选举产生的480席的日本众议院。日本众议院议员任期四年,首相有权解散日本众议院。参议院拥有242席,任期六年,每三年改选一半,不得中途解散。

The Japanese House of Representatives is one of the houses that make up the Japanese Diet. the House of Representatives and the Senate jointly form a bicameral Diet. the term of office of members of the House of Representatives is four years, which is shorter than that of the Senate, but because the House of Representatives has a system of dissolution on the way, it is considered to be more faithful to reflect public opinion, so the House of Representatives has a higher status than the Senate.

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The Japanese Diet is composed of two chambers with their respective voting rights, which make a unanimous parliamentary resolution. This system is called bicameral system, and the majority leader of the House of Representatives generally holds the post of prime minister. The term of office of members of the Japanese House of Representatives is four years, slightly shorter than the six-year term of office of the Senate. However, because the Japanese House of Representatives has a system of dissolution on the way, which is considered to be more faithful to reflect public opinion, compared with the Senate, the Japanese House of Representatives has a higher status and greater power (the superiority system of the Japanese House of Representatives). The cabinet has the power to dissolve the Japanese House of Representatives. If the Japanese House of Representatives passes the cabinet no-confidence motion (or vetoes the cabinet confidence motion), if the cabinet does not dissolve the Japanese House of Representatives within 10 days, it must resign. Japan’s legislature includes the 480-seat House of Representatives elected by the people. The term of office of members of the Japanese House of Representatives is four years, and the Prime Minister has the right to dissolve the Japanese House of Representatives. The Senate shall have 242 seats for a term of six years, half of which shall be re-elected every three years and shall not be dissolved halfway.

日本众议院是构成日本国会的议院之一,众议院与参议院共同组成两院制的日本国会,众议院议员的任期为四年,较参议院的六年为短,但由于众议院有途中解散的制度,因而被认为较能忠实地反映民意,故相对于参议院而言众议院拥有较高的地位。

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