IMF的简介

  IMF:国际货币基金组织是与世界银行同时成立、并列为世界两大金融机构之一,其职责是监察货币汇率和各国贸易情况,提供技术和资金协助,确保全球金融制度运作正常。

  IMF:国际货币基金组织是根据1944年7月在布雷顿森林会议签订的《国际货币基金协定》,于1945年12月27日在华盛顿成立的。

  1944年,联合国赞助的财金会议于美国新罕布什尔州的布雷顿森林举行。会议上签订了成立国际货币基金协议。国际货币基金的主要设计者是费边社成员约翰·梅纳德·凯恩斯(JohnMaynardKeynes),以及美国副财政部长亨利·迪克特·怀特。

  IMF:国际货币基金组织宗旨是通过一个常设机构来促进国际货币合作,为国际货币问题的磋商和协作提供方法;通过国际贸易的扩大和平衡发展,把促进和保持成员国的就业、生产资源的发展、实际收入的高水平,作为经济政策的首要目标;稳定国际汇率,在成员国之间保持有秩序的汇价安排,避免竞争性的汇价贬值;协助成员国建立经常性交易的多边支付制度,消除妨碍世界贸易的外汇管制;在有适当保证的条件下,基金组织向成员国临时提供普通资金,使其有信心利用此机会纠正国际收支的失调,而不采取危害本国或国际繁荣的措施;按照以上目的,缩短成员国国际收支不平衡的时间,减轻不平衡的程度等。

  IMF组织有一个特殊功能:“特别提款权(SpecialDrawingRight,SDR),亦称“纸黄金”(PaperGold),最早发行于1970年,是国际货币基金组织根据会员国认缴的份额分配的,可用于偿还国际货币基金组织债务、弥补会员国政府之间国际收支逆差的一种账面资产。

  它是基金组织分配给会员国的一种使用资金的权利。会员国在发生国际收支逆差时,可用它向基金组织指定的其他会员国换取外汇,以偿付国际收支逆差或偿还基金组织的贷款,还可与黄金、自由兑换货币一样充当国际储备。因为它是国际货币基金组织原有的普通提款权以外的一种补充,所以称为特别提款权。

  美东时间周一(11月30日)国际货币基金组织(IMF)主席拉加德宣布,正式将人民币纳入IMF特别提款权(SDR)货币篮子,决议将于2016年10月1日生效。这为人民币国际化扫清剩余障碍。

  当前的SDR篮子货币包括美元、欧元、日元和英镑。IMF称将继续监控SDR五大国的标准符合状况,人民币交易量在三大交易时区中的两个显著增加。IMF称,人民币在SDR的权重为10.92%,美元在SDR的权重为41.73%,欧元在SDR的权重为30.93%,日元为8.33%,英镑为8.09%。

IMF: the International Monetary Fund, established at the same time as the World Bank, is one of the two largest financial institutions in the world. Its responsibility is to monitor currency exchange rates and trade among countries, provide technical and financial assistance, and ensure the normal operation of the global financial system.

IMF: the International Monetary Fund was established in Washington on December 27, 1945 in accordance with the International Monetary Fund Agreement signed at the Bretton Woods Conference in July 1944.

In 1944, a financial conference sponsored by the United Nations was held in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, USA. An agreement on the establishment of the International Monetary Fund was signed at the meeting. The main designers of the IMF are John & middot; Maynard & middot; Keynes (JohnMaynardKeynes), a member of the Fabian Society, and Henry & middot; Dickett & middot; White, Deputy Secretary of the Treasury of the United States.

IMF: the purpose of the International Monetary Fund is to promote international monetary cooperation through a permanent institution and to provide methods for consultation and cooperation on international monetary issues. Through the expansion and balanced development of international trade, the promotion and maintenance of employment, the development of production resources and the high level of real income of member countries are the primary objectives of economic policy. Stabilize the international exchange rate, maintain orderly exchange rate arrangements among member countries, avoid competitive exchange rate depreciation, assist member countries in establishing multilateral payment systems for recurrent transactions, and eliminate foreign exchange controls that hinder world trade. With appropriate guarantees, the IMF provides temporary general funds to member States so that they are confident to take advantage of this opportunity to correct the imbalance in the balance of payments without taking measures that endanger national or international prosperity; in accordance with the above purposes, shorten the time of the imbalance in the balance of payments of member countries, reduce the degree of imbalance, and so on.

IMF has a special function: “Special drawing Rights (SpecialDrawingRight,SDR), also known as” paper gold “(PaperGold), was first issued in 1970. It is a book asset allocated by the International Monetary Fund according to the share subscribed by member States, which can be used to repay the debts of the International Monetary Fund and to make up for the balance of payments deficit between the governments of member States.

It is a right of use of funds allocated by IMF to member States. In the event of a balance of payments deficit, member States can exchange it for foreign exchange from other member States designated by the IMF to repay the balance of payments deficit or repay IMF loans, and can also act as international reserves like gold and freely convertible currencies. Because it is a supplement to the original ordinary drawing right of the International Monetary Fund, it is called the Special drawing right.

International Monetary Fund (IMF) President Christine Lagarde announced Monday that the renminbi will be included in the IMF Special drawing Rights (SDR) basket, which will take effect on October 1, 2016. This clears the remaining obstacles to the internationalization of the renminbi.

The current SDR basket currencies include the dollar, euro, yen and pound sterling. IMF said it would continue to monitor compliance with the standards of the five major SDR countries, with a significant increase in renminbi trading volume in two of the three major trading time zones. According to IMF, the renminbi weighs 10.92 per cent in SDR, the dollar weighs 41.73 per cent in SDR, the euro weighs 30.93 per cent in SDR, the yen 8.33 per cent and sterling 8.09 per cent.

IMF是国际货币基金组织,为国际货币问题的磋商和协作提供方法,缩短成员国国际收支不平衡的时间,减轻不平衡的程度等。

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