IP 地址（Internet Protocol Address）是互联网协议特有的一种地址，它是IP协议提供的一种统一的地址格式。IP地址为互联网上的每一个网络和每一台主机分配一个逻辑地址，以此来屏蔽物理地址的差异。代理IP则是上网过程中的一个中间平台，是由本机电脑先访问代理IP，之后再由代理IP访问目标网站页面。
"Internet celebrities evade form" and "people are revealing" A lot of online jokes also emerge as the times require, not only that, the black ash products behind them also surfaced. On May 6, a shell financial reporter from the Beijing News found that IP territorial agents had become a hot business, and on online platforms such as Xianyu, some sellers said they could provide a paid service to change IP addresses.
On May 7, the Beijing News Shell Financial reporter tracked down and found that Xianyu had removed some of the links to provide change IP services. Beijing News Shell Financial reporter in Xianyu search for "IP address", "IP belonging place" and other related keywords show that there are no links to related goods. But related services for keywords are still being provided. At the same time, for some Internet professionals, it is easy to change their place of ownership.
The IP ownership change service is still sold after blocking, and the seller says that some platforms cannot be changed.
At the end of April, Weibo fully opened up the IP territorial function, and by May, the Internet content platform IP territorial function was basically opened. A number of netizens found that the IP territories of self-media accounts such as "so-and-so Mom in the United States" and "Xiao in the UK" are mostly in China, Henan Province, Hunan Province and other places. Netizens joked, "the name is studying abroad, the person is in the motherland."
At the same time, information about eating, drinking and playing around Weibo was also found by netizens that the IP dependency did not match the name. Some Weibo netizens posted posts exposing a group of bloggers who pretended to go northward to Guangcheng information. Although the content of the post was to eat, drink and make merry in the north, IP showed that their posting address was in Hunan. The Beijing News shell financial reporter randomly clicked on some Weibo dependencies that were consistent with the name, while others were different, such as the "Chongqing eating, drinking and living" account. Its IP belongs to Beijing.
Screenshot of relevant blogger IP Dependencies Weibo.
Part of the view is that the discrepancy between the content of the account and the territory may be related to the location of the account on behalf of the operating company, but many netizens still believe that such a "discrepancy" cannot be accepted. A number of self-media began to take the initiative to change the place where IP belongs, and the business behind the change also surfaced.
On May 6, a shell financial reporter from the Beijing News found that a search with the keyword "IP" on a second-hand e-commerce platform popped up many options that could change the IP address of a mobile phone or computer.
When the reporter asked whether to support the change of Weibo IP territory in yesterday's interview, a businessman told the reporter that he supported the change of IP territory. The IP price of each device (computer, mobile phone) was as low as 12 yuan, and two devices were on sale. On May 7, the merchant's related commodity links were removed from the shelves.
However, the Beijing News Shell Financial reporter still contacted a number of Xianyu-related sellers on May 7. The sellers said that they still provided relevant IP territorial services, and some merchants' links were removed from the shelves, but buyers could still contact them directly.
A businessman said that the flight mode of providing dynamic IP switch can jump randomly, and that "studio maintenance numbers can be used". Some merchants said today that Tencent's business is no longer "blocked", but Weibo Toutiao can also provide services.
The reporter clicks into the seller's home page to communicate with the seller through the platform.
A number of sellers still exist as communications and online studios on Xianyu, providing services such as traffic recharge and dynamic IP.
Head of the Internet content platform has been online IP home display function, platform: to reduce malicious rumors, traffic and other bad behavior
A senior network security practitioner told the Beijing News Shell Financial reporter that the principle of IP territoriality change provided by some sellers is to use VPN. "it is to build an address pool in various places, and these addresses can be changed in turn, but it will change relative to the users. It is possible to dial Xi'an now and Shanghai next time."
An Internet employee also showed the results of rapid territorial change to the Beijing News Shell Finance reporter. The person, who is based in Beijing, showed a number of belonging places changed by technical means to the Beijing News Shell Financial reporter in a short period of time.
The above-mentioned personnel showed the changed IP address to the reporter.
IP address (Internet Protocol Address) is a unique address of Internet protocol, and it is a unified address format provided by IP protocol. IP addresses shield physical address differences by assigning a logical address to each network and host on the Internet. Proxy IP is an intermediate platform in the process of surfing the Internet, in which the local computer accesses the proxy IP first, and then the proxy IP accesses the target website page.
Beijing News Shell Finance search IP agents in Baidu, dynamic IP and other companies still have a large number of advertising and operating companies. Taobao and pinduoduo also have links to service goods related to dynamic IP and IP changes. Various businesses provide IP services, including static and dynamic proxy IP, supporting computers, mobile phones, simulators and other devices. There are prepaid, monthly, daily rent and other payment models.
IP service providers are common on related Internet platforms.
Recently, Weibo fully launched the IP territorial function, that is, the domestic display to the province / region, foreign display to the country, users can not turn off this function. Subsequently, Wechat, Jinri Toutiao, Douyin, Xiao Hongshu, Kuaishou, Zhihu and other platforms have also launched the "personal home page to show account IP territory" function one after another.
Sina Weibo issued a notice saying that in order to reduce bad behaviors such as posing as parties to hot events, malicious rumors and scraping traffic, and to ensure the authenticity and transparency of the content, the user's "IP territorial" function was displayed online in March this year, with all comments displayed and IP territorial functions displayed on the first-level page of the online personal home page.
Wechat announced on April 29th that in order to maintain the order of online communication and further crack down on counterfeit handling, rumor-mongering and other activities, Wechat public platform will display the IP territory when users post their content.
Then, on the morning of April 30th, Zhihu's official account issued a full online announcement showing the user's IP territory. Zhihu said that the IP territoriality of some questions on the previous site will be further upgraded to display the IP address territoriality function.
A number of platforms have said that the online IP territorial function is to maintain a true and orderly discussion atmosphere and reduce bad behaviors such as pretending to be hot events, malicious rumors, and traffic.
The account IP displayed on the general platform is the network location of the user's last post or comment, which is displayed to the province (autonomous region and city) in China and to the country (region) outside the country. The IP of the account is subject to the information provided by the operator, and the relevant display cannot be manually opened or closed.
Xu Hao, a Beijing Capital Law firm, told the Beijing News Shell Financial reporter that Article 8 of the data Security Law stipulates: "in carrying out data processing activities, we shall abide by laws and regulations, respect social morality and ethics, abide by business ethics and professional ethics, be honest and trustworthy, perform the obligation to protect data security, undertake social responsibility, and shall not endanger national security and public interests, or harm the legitimate rights and interests of individuals and organizations."
It is illegal to use the "IP agent" service, that is, the behavior of the seller is also illegal. According to Article 52 of the data Security Law, "whoever violates the provisions of this Law and causes damage to others shall bear civil liability according to law." Whoever violates the provisions of this Law and constitutes a violation of the administration of public security shall be punished according to law; if the violation constitutes a crime, he shall be investigated for criminal responsibility according to law.
At a press conference on the effectiveness of the "net 2021" work, the Ministry of Public Security announced that it specially aimed at controlling the key basic resources for the breeding of illegal and harmful information on the Internet, such as network television and "dynamic IP agents," and worked with relevant departments to investigate and deal with 146illegal IPTV platforms and shut down more than 13000 illegal broadband lines and more than 5000 broadband Internet accounts.
He believes that modifying territorial information through the use of agent IP provides false and misleading information to the public, is an act of dishonesty, and still has a certain risk of breaking the law.
Launch IP dependency or respond to "Operation Qinglang", which has dealt with 1.34 billion bad accounts.
Recently, Internet platforms have launched IP territorial functions one after another, which is seen as a response to the "Qingqing" action of the Internet Information Office.
In March this year, the State Internet Information Office deployed to carry out a series of special actions of "Qinglang" in 2022, focusing on problems with wide impact and great harm, including 10 key tasks: first, the special action of "Qingqing to crack down on the chaos in the field of webcast and short videos"; second, the special action of "Qingqing MCN organization information content disorder"; and third, the special action of "Qinglang cracking down on Internet rumors". Fourth, "Qinglang 2022 summer minors network environment improvement" special action; 5, "Qinglang rectification application information service chaos" special action; 6, "Qinglang standardize network communication order" special action; 7, "Qinglang 2022 algorithm comprehensive control" special action; 8, "Qinglang 2022 Spring Festival network environment renovation" special action 9, "Qinglang crackdown on traffic fraud, black public relations, network water army" special action; 10, "Qinglang Internet user account operation special rectification action" and so on.
At the same time, recently, the Central Internet Information Office made special arrangements to strengthen the governance of cyber violence, requiring the website platform to seriously focus on centralized rectification, establish and improve long-term mechanisms, and ensure solid results in governance work.
A person in charge of the Central Network Information Office said that this "Qinglang Special Governance Action on Cyber violence" mainly focuses on 18 website platforms that are prone to cyber violence and have great social influence, including Sina Weibo, Douyin, Baidu Tieba, Zhihu, and so on. Through the establishment and improvement of monitoring and identification, real-time protection, intervention and disposal, traceability, publicity and exposure and other measures, the whole chain of governance will be carried out.
As of March 17, the State Information Office held a press conference on the "Qinglang" series of special actions in 2022. Sheng Ronghua, deputy director of the State Internet Information Office, said that a total of 15 special actions were carried out in 2021, including the special control of the chaos in the "rice circle", the chaos in the operation of Internet accounts, and the network environment of minors. In 2001, more than 22 million pieces of illegal and bad information were cleared, 1.34 billion accounts were disposed of, more than 7200 anchors were banned, more than 2160 apps and Mini Program were removed, and more than 3200 websites were closed.
According to Zhang Yongjun, director of the Network Comprehensive Management Bureau of the State Internet Information Office, this year, we will carry out a network-wide clean-up of identified network rumors, label them, and make clear statements to prevent them from spreading repeatedly, with emphasis on rumors in the fields of political economy, cultural history, and popular science about people's livelihood.
At the same time, each website platform is required to strengthen the identification of all kinds of information generated by sensitive areas and sensitive events. Check and verify the information from unauthoritative sources that have great influence and spread widely. Nip the rumor information in the bud and minimize the negative impact.
The parties involved in the release and dissemination of rumor information will be seriously investigated, and the main body of the account that has repeatedly released and spread rumor information will be prohibited from registering new accounts throughout the network. If the circumstances are particularly serious, responsibility will be investigated in accordance with the law.
At the same time, he also said that during this year's Winter Olympic Games, the Internet Information Office has taken measures to attack and abuse Gu Ailing, Su Yiming and other athletes, coaches and other online violence, and achieved some results. Since the beginning of this year, a total of 879000 pieces of harmful information have been cleared and more than 41000 illegal accounts have been disposed of.
However, cyber violence and cyber bullying are easy to rebound and cannot be stopped as soon as they are "hit". This year, we will guide the website platform to establish a monitoring model of cyber violence, and accurately identify the signs of cyber violence by analyzing the abnormal behavior of users' comments and on-screen comments, and synthesizing the frequency of reports. Netizens can also report through the "12377" hotline of the reporting Center of the State Internet Information Office or the Internet.
On the basis of cleaning up illegal and illegal information, for accounts involved in cyber violence, measures such as mass ban on speech and suspension of private messages will be taken to prevent the escalation and spread of cyber violence. To study and judge the nature of the behavior, take measures such as permanent ban on speech and closure of accounts that first, frequently or incite the release of Internet violence information, and investigate legal responsibility for suspected crimes in accordance with the law.
At the same time, strengthen the protection of users. Guide the website platform online "one-click protection function" and other protection measures, restrict strangers' private messages, comments and forwarding, online warning function, guide users to make friendly comments and other measures.