The population of Siberia and the Far East has fallen by two million in the past 20 years. According to experts, this is due to internal migration into the western and central regions of the Russian Federation. Experts at the State University’s Institute for Population Research note that this trend is unlikely to change in the coming years.
The population of the eastern part of the country migrated to western Russia between 1990 and 2009. During that time, about 2 million people changed their location.
Moscow’s appeal increased after the crisis of the early 1990s. Every year, the capital region grows by 100,000 to 130,000 people due to migration. This is at the expense of interregional migration.
According to experts, there is no reason for people in the east of the country to stop moving to the west.
The geographical mobility of Russia’s Labour pool has not been anticipated. Experts say the working-age population will shrink in the coming decades. This is especially true for young people who are most vulnerable to territorial movements. By 2025, according to some reports, the migration of the country’s population will decrease by 9 percent as demographics change within working age.
Geographic mobility of labor in the Russian market remains low due to existing migration activities. Studies of the mobility of the unemployed during the economic crisis show that, according to surveys, only 11-13% of the unemployed are prepared to look for work outside their area. Only 4 percent of respondents said they would be willing to move to another area. Due to the survey of experts, it is possible to find that only 24% of respondents are prepared to “work” if they are offered a well-paid job and housing. For resettlement in Siberia and the Far East, the expected salary should be five to six times that of the last place of work, the study found.
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