为n1制作aarcm64/arm64 ubuntu rootfs系统

科技动态 2018-10-20 阅读原文

安装debootstrap和qemu-user-static:

apt install apt-transport-https qemu qemu-user-static binfmt-support debootstrap

构建ubuntu 18.04系统,基础包为minbase,使用清大的源:

qemu-debootstrap --arch arm64 --variant=minbase --include=whiptail,ca-certificates,tzdata bionic rootfs http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/

配置软件源:

cat > rootfs/etc/apt/sources.list <<EOF
deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
EOF

配置网络信息:

mkdir rootfs/etc/network/ 
echo 'nameserver 192.168.168.1' > rootfs/etc/resolv.conf
echo 'ubuntu-18.04' > rootfs/etc/hostname
cat > rootfs/etc/netplan/50-cloud-init.yaml <<EOF
network:
    ethernets:
        eth0:
            addresses:
            - 192.168.168.6/24
            dhcp4: false
            gateway4: 192.168.168.1
            nameservers:
                addresses:
                - 192.168.168.1
                search: []
    version: 2
EOF

挂载本地设备文件到rootfs:

mount -t proc /proc  rootfs/proc 
mount -t sysfs /sys  rootfs/sys 
mount -o bind /dev  rootfs/dev 
mount -o bind /dev/pts  rootfs/dev/pts

chroot rootfs内配置:

LANG=C.UTF-8 chroot rootfs/  /bin/bash

在rootfs内执行:

cp /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime
apt update
apt upgrade
apt install systemd -y 
apt install wireless-regdb crda -y
apt install rsyslog udev dbus kmod openssh-server netplan.io man vim wget net-tools sysstat tmux less wireless-regdb crda dosfstools parted rng-tools -y
echo 'PermitRootLogin yes' >> /etc/ssh/sshd_config
passwd root
umount /dev/pts/ /dev/ /proc/ /sys 
exit

为方便使用之前编译的内核和armbian的uInitrd、firmware文件,挂载armbian的img镜像到本地:

losetup -P -f --show Armbian_5.62_Aml-s9xxx_Ubuntu_bionic_default_4.18.7_20181012.img
mount /dev/loop3p2 /mnt
mount /dev/loop3p2 /mnt/boot
mv /mnt/boot/* rootfs/boot/
mv /mnt/lib/modules/ rootfs/lib/
#也可安装armbian的firmware-aml-4.18-20181011_5.62_arm64.deb
mv /mnt/lib/firmware/ rootfs/lib/
mv /mnt/etc/modprobe.d/ rootfs/etc/
mv /mnt/etc/fstab rootfs/etc/
mv /mnt/root/install.sh rootfs/root/

将armbain镜像内的文件全部删除,将新做的系统移动过去。

mv rootfs/boot/* /mnt/boot/
mv rootfs/* /mnt/

标签:none

责编内容by:海运的博客 【阅读原文】。感谢您的支持!

您可能感兴趣的

Ubuntu 已进驻 Windows Store 如五月 Build 时承诺的一样,Linux 三大发行版中针对个人用户而设的 Ubuntu,现在已经出现在了 Windows Store 之中。如果你是 Insider 测试者的话,目前已可在 Windows 10 的 Wind...
Common operations using Estonian eID Assumptions:Using Ubuntu with OpenSC Installation Tip:Make sure to have installed OpenSC from source, rather t...
Ubuntu 和 CentOS 禁用 GNOME Bubblewrap 沙盒 据 外媒报道 ,Ubuntu 和 CentOS 正在禁用去年添加到 GNOME 桌面环境中的一项安全功能 —— Bubblewrap 。这是一个沙盒环境,去年7月被作为缩略图解析器(thumbnail parsers)添加至 GNOME ...
Dell XPS 13 now ships with Ubuntu 18.04 Linux One of the eternal complaints about Linux is that it's hard to install. Really, Linux isn't difficult to install at ...
Ubuntu Foundations Development Summary – August 16... This newsletter is to provide a status update from the Ubuntu Foundations Team. There will also be highlights provi...