Spring Boot+Socket实现与html页面的长连接,客户端给服务器端发消息,服务器给客户端轮询发送消息…

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Spring Boot+Socket实现与html页面的长连接,客户端给服务器端发消息,服务器给客户端轮询发送消息…

功能介绍

  1. 客户端给所有在线用户发送消息
  2. 客户端给指定在线用户发送消息
  3. 服务器给客户端发送消息(轮询方式)

注意:socket只是实现一些简单的功能,具体的还需根据自身情况,代码稍微改造下

项目搭建

项目结构图

pom.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
<parent>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
<version>2.3.2.RELEASE</version>
<relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
</parent>
<groupId>com.cyb</groupId>
<artifactId>socket_test</artifactId>
<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
<name>socket_test</name>
<description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>
<properties>
<java.version>1.8</java.version>
</properties>
<dependencies>
<!-- springboot websocket -->
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-websocket</artifactId>
</dependency>
<!--guava依赖-->
<dependency>
<groupId>com.google.guava</groupId>
<artifactId>guava</artifactId>
<version>18.0</version>
</dependency>
<!--fastjson依赖-->
<dependency>
<groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
<artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
<version>1.2.46</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
<scope>test</scope>
<exclusions>
<exclusion>
<groupId>org.junit.vintage</groupId>
<artifactId>junit-vintage-engine</artifactId>
</exclusion>
</exclusions>
</dependency>
</dependencies>
<build>
<plugins>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
</plugin>
</plugins>
</build>
</project>

appliccation.properties

SocketTestApplication.java( Spring Boot启动类 )

WebSocketStompConfig.java

package com.cyb.socket.websocket;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.socket.server.standard.ServerEndpointExporter;
@Configuration
public class WebSocketStompConfig {
//这个bean的注册,用于扫描带有@ServerEndpoint的注解成为websocket  ,如果你使用外置的tomcat就不需要该配置文件
@Bean
public ServerEndpointExporter serverEndpointExporter()
{
return new ServerEndpointExporter();
}
}

WebSocket.java( Socket核心类 )

package com.cyb.socket.websocket;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap;
import javax.websocket.OnClose;
import javax.websocket.OnError;
import javax.websocket.OnMessage;
import javax.websocket.OnOpen;
import javax.websocket.Session;
import javax.websocket.server.PathParam;
import javax.websocket.server.ServerEndpoint;
import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONObject;
import com.google.common.collect.Maps;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
/**
* @Author:陈彦斌
* @Description:Socket核心类
* @Date: 2020-07-26
*/
@Component
@ServerEndpoint(value = "/connectWebSocket/{userId}")
public class WebSocket {
private Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(this.getClass());
/**
* 在线人数
*/
public static int onlineNumber = 0;
/**
* 以用户的姓名为key,WebSocket为对象保存起来
*/
private static Map<String, WebSocket> clients = new ConcurrentHashMap<String, WebSocket>();
/**
* 会话
*/
private Session session;
/**
* 用户名称
*/
private String userId;
/**
* 建立连接
*
* @param session
*/
@OnOpen
public void onOpen(@PathParam("userId") String userId, Session session) {
onlineNumber++;
System.out.println("现在来连接的客户id:" + session.getId() + "用户名:" + userId);
//logger.info("现在来连接的客户id:"+session.getId()+"用户名:"+userId);
this.userId = userId;
this.session = session;
System.out.println("有新连接加入! 当前在线人数" + onlineNumber);
//  logger.info("有新连接加入! 当前在线人数" + onlineNumber);
try {
//messageType 1代表上线 2代表下线 3代表在线名单 4代表普通消息
//先给所有人发送通知,说我上线了
Map<String, Object> map1 = Maps.newHashMap();
map1.put("messageType", 1);
map1.put("userId", userId);
sendMessageAll(JSON.toJSONString(map1), userId);
//把自己的信息加入到map当中去
clients.put(userId, this);
System.out.println("有连接关闭! 当前在线人数" + onlineNumber);
//logger.info("有连接关闭! 当前在线人数" + clients.size());
//给自己发一条消息:告诉自己现在都有谁在线
Map<String, Object> map2 = Maps.newHashMap();
map2.put("messageType", 3);
//移除掉自己
Set<String> set = clients.keySet();
map2.put("onlineUsers", set);
sendMessageTo(JSON.toJSONString(map2), userId);
} catch (IOException e) {
System.out.println(userId + "上线的时候通知所有人发生了错误");
//logger.info(userId+"上线的时候通知所有人发生了错误");
}
}
@OnError
public void onError(Session session, Throwable error) {
//logger.info("服务端发生了错误"+error.getMessage());
//error.printStackTrace();
System.out.println("服务端发生了错误:" + error.getMessage());
}
/**
* 连接关闭
*/
@OnClose
public void onClose() {
onlineNumber--;
//webSockets.remove(this);
clients.remove(userId);
try {
//messageType 1代表上线 2代表下线 3代表在线名单  4代表普通消息
Map<String, Object> map1 = Maps.newHashMap();
map1.put("messageType", 2);
map1.put("onlineUsers", clients.keySet());
map1.put("userId", userId);
sendMessageAll(JSON.toJSONString(map1), userId);
} catch (IOException e) {
System.out.println(userId + "下线的时候通知所有人发生了错误");
//logger.info(userId+"下线的时候通知所有人发生了错误");
}
//logger.info("有连接关闭! 当前在线人数" + onlineNumber);
//logger.info("有连接关闭! 当前在线人数" + clients.size());
System.out.println("有连接关闭! 当前在线人数" + onlineNumber);
}
/**
* 收到客户端的消息
*
* @param message 消息
* @param session 会话
*/
@OnMessage
public void onMessage(String message, Session session) {
try {
//logger.info("来自客户端消息:" + message+"客户端的id是:"+session.getId());
System.out.println("来自客户端消息:" + message + " | 客户端的id是:" + session.getId());
JSONObject jsonObject = JSON.parseObject(message);
String textMessage = jsonObject.getString("message");
String fromuserId = jsonObject.getString("userId");
String touserId = jsonObject.getString("to");
//如果不是发给所有,那么就发给某一个人
//messageType 1代表上线 2代表下线 3代表在线名单  4代表普通消息
Map<String, Object> map1 = Maps.newHashMap();
map1.put("messageType", 4);
map1.put("textMessage", textMessage);
map1.put("fromuserId", fromuserId);
if (touserId.equals("All")) {
map1.put("touserId", "所有人");
sendMessageAll(JSON.toJSONString(map1), fromuserId);
} else {
map1.put("touserId", touserId);
System.out.println("开始推送消息给" + touserId);
sendMessageTo(JSON.toJSONString(map1), touserId);
}
} catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
//logger.info("发生了错误了");
}
}
/**
* 给指定的用户发送消息
*
* @param message
* @param TouserId
* @throws IOException
*/
public void sendMessageTo(String message, String TouserId) throws IOException {
for (WebSocket item : clients.values()) {
System.out.println("给指定的在线用户发送消息,在线人员名单:【" + item.userId.toString() + "】发送消息:" + message);
if (item.userId.equals(TouserId)) {
item.session.getAsyncRemote().sendText(message);
break;
}
}
}
/**
* 给所有用户发送消息
*
* @param message    数据
* @param FromuserId
* @throws IOException
*/
public void sendMessageAll(String message, String FromuserId) throws IOException {
for (WebSocket item : clients.values()) {
System.out.println("给所有在线用户发送给消息,在线人员名单:【" + item.userId.toString() + "】发送消息:" + message);
item.session.getAsyncRemote().sendText(message);
}
}
/**
* 给所有在线用户发送消息
*
* @param message 数据
* @throws IOException
*/
public void sendMessageAll(String message) throws IOException {
for (WebSocket item : clients.values()) {
System.out.println("服务器给所有在线用户发送消息,当前在线人员为【" + item.userId.toString() + "】发送消息:" + message);
item.session.getAsyncRemote().sendText(message);
}
}
/**
* 获取在线用户数
*
* @return
*/
public static synchronized int getOnlineCount() {
return onlineNumber;
}
}

TestController.java( 前端控制器 )

package com.cyb.socket.websocket;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.*;
import java.io.IOException;
@Controller
@RequestMapping("testMethod")
public class TestController {
@Autowired
private WebSocket webSocket;
/**
* 给指定的在线用户发送消息
* @param userId
* @param msg
* @return
* @throws IOException
*/
@ResponseBody
@GetMapping("/sendTo")
public String sendTo(@RequestParam("userId") String userId,@RequestParam("msg") String msg) throws IOException {
webSocket.sendMessageTo(msg,userId);
return "推送成功";
}
/**
* 给所有在线用户发送消息
* @param msg
* @return
* @throws IOException
* @throws IOException
*/
@ResponseBody
@PostMapping("/sendAll")
public String sendAll(@RequestBody String msg) throws IOException, IOException {
webSocket.sendMessageAll(msg);
return "推送成功";
}
}

SocketTask.java( 轮询调度往客户端推送消息 )

package com.cyb.socket.schedule;
import com.cyb.socket.websocket.WebSocket;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.scheduling.annotation.Scheduled;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;
@Component
public class SocketTask {
@Autowired
private WebSocket webSocket;
private SimpleDateFormat sdf =new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss SSS" );
//5秒轮询一次
@Scheduled(fixedRate = 5000)
public void sendClientData() throws IOException {
String msg="{\"message\":\"你好\",\"userId\":\"002\",\"to\":\"All\"}";
webSocket.sendMessageAll(msg);
System.out.println("消息推送时间:"+ sdf.format(new Date()));
}
}

测试网页

index.html

<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
<head>
<title>Test My WebSocket</title>
</head>
<body>
TestWebSocket
<input  id="text" type="text"/>
<button onclick="send()">SEND MESSAGE</button>
<button onclick="closeWebSocket()">CLOSE</button>
<div id="message"></div>
</body>
<script type="text/javascript">
var websocket = null;
//判断当前浏览器是否支持WebSocket
if('WebSocket' in window){
//连接WebSocket节点
websocket = new WebSocket("ws://localhost:8083/connectWebSocket/001");
}
else{
alert('Not support websocket')
}
//连接发生错误的回调方法
websocket.onerror = function(){
setMessageInnerHTML("error");
};
//连接成功建立的回调方法
websocket.onopen = function(event){
setMessageInnerHTML("open");
}
//接收到消息的回调方法
websocket.onmessage = function(event){
setMessageInnerHTML(event.data);
}
//连接关闭的回调方法
websocket.onclose = function(){
setMessageInnerHTML("close");
}
//监听窗口关闭事件,当窗口关闭时,主动去关闭websocket连接,防止连接还没断开就关闭窗口,server端会抛异常。
window.onbeforeunload = function(){
websocket.close();
}
//将消息显示在网页上
function setMessageInnerHTML(innerHTML){
document.getElementById('message').innerHTML += innerHTML + '<br/>';
}
//关闭连接
function closeWebSocket(){
websocket.close();
}
//发送消息
function send(){
var message = document.getElementById('text').value;
websocket.send(message);
}
</script>
</html>

index2.html

<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
<head>
<title>Test My WebSocket</title>
</head>
<body>
TestWebSocket
<input  id="text" type="text" />
<button onclick="send()">SEND MESSAGE</button>
<button onclick="closeWebSocket()">CLOSE</button>
<div id="message"></div>
</body>
<script type="text/javascript">
var websocket = null;
//判断当前浏览器是否支持WebSocket
if('WebSocket' in window){
//连接WebSocket节点
websocket = new WebSocket("ws://localhost:8083/connectWebSocket/002");
}
else{
alert('Not support websocket')
}
//连接发生错误的回调方法
websocket.onerror = function(){
setMessageInnerHTML("error");
};
//连接成功建立的回调方法
websocket.onopen = function(event){
setMessageInnerHTML("open");
}
//接收到消息的回调方法
websocket.onmessage = function(event){
setMessageInnerHTML(event.data);
}
//连接关闭的回调方法
websocket.onclose = function(){
setMessageInnerHTML("close");
}
//监听窗口关闭事件,当窗口关闭时,主动去关闭websocket连接,防止连接还没断开就关闭窗口,server端会抛异常。
window.onbeforeunload = function(){
websocket.close();
}
//将消息显示在网页上
function setMessageInnerHTML(innerHTML){
document.getElementById('message').innerHTML += innerHTML + '<br/>';
}
//关闭连接
function closeWebSocket(){
websocket.close();
}
//发送消息
function send(){
var message = document.getElementById('text').value;
websocket.send(message);
}
</script>
</html>

项目地址

链接:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1yiAXTkCjHac-F3S1HFyNJQ
提取码:53tp

功能演示

客户端给所有在线用户发消息

客户端给指定在线用户发送消息

服务器给客户端发送消息(轮询方式)

注意需要加上这些注解

演示

通过前端控制器给指定用户发送消息

演示

源码面前,了无密码:Kuberentes Scheduler 源码剖析

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