Android能力雷达图绘制

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Android能力雷达图绘制

演示效果:

戳这里Github代码地址

实现思路:

1.以该view中心为原点,根据三角函数关系计算出每个顶点角的坐标。

2.用不同的半径绘制多个正N边型。

3.中心点与每个顶点用虚线连接。

4.在各个顶点上绘制文本,需要根据各个象限的位置分别设置偏移量以对齐各个角。

5.根据每个角需要设置的数值,按照比例改变半径求得阴影区域顶点坐标绘制阴影面积。

难点:

一直圆心o(x,y),半径r,要知道N边型上各个角顶点的坐标,即为

xA = x+rsinα,yA = y-cosα,α大小随着顶点变化而变化。

主要代码实现如下,详细过程见注释说明。

/**
* create by libo
* create on 2020/7/25
* description 雷达能力图
*/
public class RadarView extends View {
/**
* 网画笔
*/
private Paint netPaint;
/**
* 虚线画笔
*/
private Paint dashPaint;
/**
* 文字paint
*/
private Paint textPaint;
/**
* 面积区域paint
*/
private Paint regionPaint;
/**
* 中心点横坐标
*/
private float centerX;
/**
* 中心点纵坐标
*/
private float centerY;
/**
* 多边形的半径长度
*/
private int radius;
/**
* 多边形的层级数
*/
private int layerCount = 4;
/**
* 多边形每两个顶点之间夹角弧度
*/
private double perAngle;
/**
* 绘制网的path
*/
private Path netPath;
/**
* 中心点到各个顶点的path
*/
private Path dashPath;
/**
* 区域path
*/
private Path regionPath;
/**
* 每个角标题
*/
private String[] titleArray;
/**
* 每个角分数值
*/
private int[] scoreArray;
public RadarView(Context context) {
super(context);
init();
}
public RadarView(Context context, @Nullable AttributeSet attrs) {
super(context, attrs);
init();
}
@Override
protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
int width = getMeasuredWidth();
setMeasuredDimension(width, width);
centerX = getLeft() + width / 2;
centerY = getTop() + width / 2;
radius = width / 12;
perAngle = degree2Radian();
}
private void init() {
//网格线paint
netPaint = new Paint();
netPaint.setColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.colorBlack));
netPaint.setAntiAlias(true);
netPaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.STROKE);
netPaint.setStrokeWidth(3);
//虚线paint
dashPaint = new Paint();
dashPaint.setColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.colorBlack));
dashPaint.setAntiAlias(true);
dashPaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.STROKE);
dashPaint.setStrokeWidth(3);
dashPaint.setPathEffect(new DashPathEffect(new float[]{10, 10}, 0)); //绘制长度为10的虚线
//文字paint
textPaint = new Paint();
textPaint.setColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.yellow));
textPaint.setTextSize(50);
//区域paint
regionPaint = new Paint();
regionPaint.setColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.colorAccent));
regionPaint.setAlpha(150);
netPath = new Path();
dashPath = new Path();
regionPath = new Path();
}
@Override
protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {
super.onDraw(canvas);
//规律改变半径绘制多层多边形
int curRadius = radius;
for (int i = 0; i < layerCount; i++) {
drawPolygon(canvas, curRadius, i);
curRadius += radius;
}
}
/**
* 角度转弧度
*
* @return
*/
private double degree2Radian() {
return (double) 2 * Math.PI / titleArray.length;
}
/**
* 根据半径绘制一个多边形
*
* @param radius
*/
private void drawPolygon(Canvas canvas, float radius, int layer) {
//起点从Y轴正上方开始
double startAngle = 0;
if (layer == layerCount - 1) {
dashPath.moveTo(centerX, centerY);
drawText(canvas, radius);
drawRegion(canvas, radius);
}
for (int i = 0; i < titleArray.length; i++) {
//每个顶点的坐标
Point point = createPoint(radius, startAngle);
//path的连线
if (i == 0) {
netPath.moveTo(point.x, point.y);
} else {
netPath.lineTo(point.x, point.y);
}
//最外层多边形
if (layer == layerCount - 1) {
//最外层多边形需要绘制顶点与中心连线
dashPath.lineTo(point.x, point.y);
dashPath.moveTo(centerX, centerY);
}
startAngle += perAngle;
}
netPath.close();
canvas.drawPath(netPath, netPaint);  //画网格
canvas.drawPath(dashPath, dashPaint);  //画虚线
}
/**
* 绘制每个角的文本,根据顶点在在坐标系象限的关系偏移
*/
private void drawText(Canvas canvas, float radius) {
double startAngle = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < titleArray.length; i++) {
//绘制每个顶点文字,需要加大半径防止与网重叠
Point point = createPoint(radius + 25, startAngle);
Rect rect = new Rect();
textPaint.getTextBounds(titleArray[i], 0, titleArray[i].length(), rect);
if (point.x == centerX) {  //在Y轴上的顶点,需左移一半
point.x -= rect.width()/2; //正上方点偏移
if (point.y > centerY) {
point.y += rect.height();  //正下方点偏移
}
} else if (point.x < centerX) {
point.x -= rect.width();  //左上方点偏移
if (point.y > centerY) {
point.y += rect.height()/2;  //左下方点偏移
}
} else if (point.x > centerX) {
if (point.y > centerY) {
point.y += rect.height()/2;
}
}
//绘制顶点文字
canvas.drawText(titleArray[i], point.x, point.y, textPaint);
startAngle += perAngle;
}
}
/**
* 绘制面积区域
* @param canvas
* @param radius
*/
private void drawRegion(Canvas canvas, float radius) {
float startAngle = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < titleArray.length; i++) {
Point point = createPoint(radius*scoreArray[i]/100, startAngle);
//path的连线
if (i == 0) {
regionPath.moveTo(point.x, point.y);
} else {
regionPath.lineTo(point.x, point.y);
}
startAngle += perAngle;
}
regionPath.close();
canvas.drawPath(regionPath, regionPaint);
}
public void setTitleArray(String[] titleArray) {
this.titleArray = titleArray;
}
public void setScoreArray(int[] scoreArray) {
this.scoreArray = scoreArray;
invalidate();
}
private Point createPoint(float radius, double angle) {
float x = (float) (centerX + radius * Math.sin(angle));
float y = (float) (centerY - radius * Math.cos(angle));
return new Point(x, y);
}
class Point {
float x;
float y;
public Point(float x, float y) {
this.x = x;
this.y = y;
}
}
}

MainActivity代码:

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
private String[] titleArray  = new String[] {"击杀", "生存", "助攻", "物理", "魔法", "金钱"};
private int[] scoreArray = new int[] {60, 92, 94, 30, 98, 68, 76};
@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
RadarView radarView = findViewById(R.id.radarview);
radarView.setTitleArray(titleArray);
radarView.setScoreArray(scoreArray);
}
}

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