As I got started writing open source software, I generally preferred the MIT
license. I actually made fun of the “copyleft” GPL licenses, on the grounds that
they are less free. I still hold this opinion today: the GPL license is less
free than the MIT license – but today, I believe this in a good way.
- The right to use the software for any purpose.
- The right to study the source code and change it as you please.
- The right to redistribute the software to others.
- The right to distribute your modifications to the software.
The MIT license basically allows you to do whatever you want with the software.
It’s one of the most hands-off options: “here’s some code, you can do anything
you want with it.” I favored this because I wanted to give users as much freedom
to use my software as possible. The GPL, in addition to being a much more
complex tome to understand
, is more
restrictive. The GPL forces you to use the GPL for derivative works as well.
Clearly this affords you less freedom to use the software. Obligations are the
opposite of freedoms.
When I first got into open source, I was still a Windows user. As I gradually
waded deeper and deeper into the free software pond, I began to use Linux more
often. Even once I started using Linux as my daily driver, however, it took
a while still for the importance of free software to set in. But this
realization is inevitable, for a programmer immersed in Linux. It radically
changes your perspective when all of the software you use guarantees these four
freedoms. If I’m curious about how something works, I can usually be reading the
code within a few seconds. I can find the author’s name and email in the git
blame and shoot them some questions. And when I find a bug, I can fix it and
send them a patch.
The weight of these possibilities did not occur to me immediately, instead
slowly becoming evident over time. Today, this cycle is almost muscle memory.
Pulling down source, grepping for files related to an itch I need to scratch,
compiling and installing the modified version, and sending my work upstream –
it’s become second nature to me. These days, on the rare occasion that I run
into some proprietary software, this all grinds to a halt. It’s like miscounting
the number of steps on your staircase in the dark. These moments drive the truth
home: Free software is good. It’s starkly better than the alternative. And
copyleft defends it. Now that I’ve had a taste, you bet your ass I’m not going
to give it up.
As the number of hours I’ve spent on FOSS projects grew from tens of hours, to
hundreds, to thousands and tens of thousands, I’ve learned that the effort I
sink into my work far outstrips the effort required to reuse my work. The
collective effort of the free software community amounts to tens of millions of
hours of work, which you can download at touch of a button, for free. If the
people with their fingers on that button held these same ideals, we wouldn’t
need the GPL. The reality, however, is that we live in a capitalist world. Our
socialist free software utopia is ripe for exploitation by capitalists, and
they’ll be rewarded for doing so. Capitalism is about enriching yourself – not
enriching your users and certainly not enriching society.
Your parents probably taught you about the Golden Rule when you were young: do
unto others as you would have them do unto you. The GPL is the legal embodiment
of this Golden Rule: in exchange for benefiting from my hard work, you just have
to extend me the same courtesy. Its the unfortunate acknowledgement that we’ve
created a society that incentivises people to forget the Golden Rule. I give
people free software because I want them to reciprocate with the same. That’s
really all the GPL does. Its restrictions just protect the four freedoms in
derivative works. Anyone who can’t agree to this is looking to exploit your work
for their gain – and definitely not yours.
I don’t plan on relicensing my historical projects, but my new projects have
used the GPL family of licenses for a while now. I think you should seriously
consider it as well.
Fun fact: the first time I used Linux was as a teenager, in order to get around the internet filtering software my parents had installed on our Windows PC at home.
Articles from blogs I follow around the net
This month is a little special: it’s been one whole year I’ve started writing status updates!
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