If you say you want to get close to our company’s research, we appreciate it, but it’s not what we need most. We do specific work, the vision is relatively short, what we need most is the small part that we can not see, we want to see “the green hill outside the mountain, the building outside the building”. You can see far, and what you are talking about happens to be something we don’t understand, so just tell us. When I was young, I listened to a scientist in computer control systems, who said, “computers are used in bus ticket management.” I am confused. The computer is numeric. How can it be used in ticket management? There was a question mark in my heart at that time, and only later did I know that it was real. Therefore, we have to establish assumptions about social things for ten or a hundred years, and suppose we start to do these things, and the scientists we bring in will do the base ten or twenty years later, and they will not take part in “killing pigs.” we only ask some of them to take part in the battle of “killing pigs” with scalpels.
The following is the full text:
First, systems engineering is not only theory, method and practice, but also open thought and philosophy.
We should use the idea of systems engineering to blow up the “walls” in the company, destroy all kinds of “soil walls”, open the confinement of thinking, form an open mind, slowly digest and absorb, constantly accumulate the ability of the organization, and better face the future. At present, the implementation of the cadre tenure system is a measure to constantly lower the “fence” of departments. It is meaningless to concentrate a small number of people to engage in systems engineering to solve a problem. Only when the thoughts of thousands of people move towards systems engineering, and with the concept of systems engineering, can the value be brought into full play. Everyone in our company should learn modeling, review-modeling, review-modeling, finish one thing, summarize what is done well and what is not, and build a preliminary model; then use this model to do the second thing, if there is a deviation, come back to review and correct it, review repeatedly, and build a small model; several of our teams communicate, and several models collide again, using theory to guide practice. The model becomes larger, the system changes, and the competitiveness is enhanced by reducing unnecessary energy consumption. In the past, we did not summarize the practice, the theory did not practice, the two were disjointed, the efficiency was low and the cost was high.
Why should systems engineering be raised to this height? We are gradually leading the world in the field of communications. For example, we have gone deep into the “root” in the optical network. Now our main backbone transmission is 400 gigabytes, and long-distance transmission over more than 2,000 kilometers does not require electrical relay. 400g, which can transmit 80 waves in an optical fiber, is 32T. In addition, part of the 6G technology has been applied in 5G. In computing network, storage network and computing network, the demand for cooperation in all aspects is becoming more and more prominent, and system engineering is more and more needed. The era of big computing has come, and we are turning to this big computing network, and we need to understand and participate in the changes of this era. In this era of big computing power, we are 5G + cloud + AI together to give full play to the comprehensive competitiveness of cloud, management, end, and core. we must use scientific methods to remove the “fence” under the thought of “small-scale peasant economy” and, through the idea of system engineering, let everyone give up the consciousness of “small farmers” and face the future.
The reproduction and inheritance of mankind for thousands of years is itself a systematic project, and the whole earth is also a natural systematic engineering. Naturally, it is lack of competitiveness. It is necessary to optimize and improve nature in order to be competitive.
First, systems engineering cannot be monopolized. If only a few experts can do it and concentrate on a small number of people, it will lag behind. We should have a “lamp” in systems engineering, and anyone can engage in systems engineering. The “Beidou Project” aims to build an operating system for billions of servers in the future and build it from top to bottom. The reference path to guide the key problems of “mountaineering”, from 30,000 servers to hundreds of thousands of servers. Hundreds of millions of servers have an operating system that allows experts to treat “nonsense”. They are just a path reference for the “mountaineering troops” who attack from the bottom up. Anyone can climb the “high mountain” of systems engineering, and everyone can contribute a little, which naturally forms a system engineering. Everyone has to understand systems engineering and how to apply it in his own place.
Second, the industrial Internet is a systematic project, and it is necessary to do a good job in the cloud base of the industrial Internet. Each industry has its own application platform, such as coal mines, roads, railways, airports. They all have strong personality and industry characteristics, these are systems engineering, we need to do it together and make contributions together. These efforts help various industries gradually move towards the industrial Internet.
Third, science is the endless frontier, so don’t rush for quick success and instant benefits.
First, if the state attaches importance to theoretical construction, it is necessary to prevent the rush for quick success and instant benefits. For some pure theoretical scientists who cannot create value in a short period of time, we should understand them and let them have a decent life, so that the country can have a future. In my opinion, theoretical science is the “water tower” of our country’s future. The Yellow River and the Yangtze River are mother rivers. Where is the mother’s milk? On the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, my mother’s milk is the snow water of the Himalayas, and the Yellow River and the Yangtze River all depend on the snow water of Tibet, which means that the country will have a bumper harvest next year. The contribution of “climbing the Himalayas” is very great. The “farms” and “pastures” downstream should distribute some food to the scientists who “climb the snow-capped mountains”, and they should not be allowed to starve to death on the “Himalayas.”
People who “climb snow mountains” in our company spend more than US $1 billion every year, and the Ministry of Cooperation supports a lot of money to do cutting-edge research for colleges and universities. in fact, it has no commercial value to us, because the theoretical research is completely open and shared to all mankind. It is just that we have more than a hundred thousand engineers and have a very strong digestion ability, so it is possible to give priority to digesting these theories. For example, Professor Arikan of Turkey published a mathematics paper more than ten years ago. Two months after it was published, we found this paper and made 5G Polar codes according to his theory. Therefore, theoretical science can be divorced from practice, and it is not necessary to combine it with practice, nor does it have to solve practical problems.
Second, we should respect intellectuals, respect their creations and inventions, and allow them to make mistakes. Thinking is a shining light. For example, software is a complex system, not only to “pierce the sky” in theory, but also to “take root”. It is more difficult to “take root” than to “pierce the sky”. All we can solve is the information network, the difficulty of the software is unimaginable, and we have to find a way to solve it gradually over a period of 3-5 years or more.
Third, attach importance to basic education and allow some differentiated education. The current education system may still be in the era of the Industrial Revolution, and the theoretical construction is not enough and is not suitable for the information age. I hope that we can really attach importance to education and allow some “weird” students to grow up. The most important thing for a young genius in our company is his problem-solving ability, not his overall quality.
Fourth, “there are Castle Peak buildings outside the mountains”, encourage “nonsense” and freely discuss scientific and technological issues.
Our purpose of running the “Huang Danian Tea House” is to hope that everyone will talk nonsense on scientific and technological issues, as long as they do not involve social science issues. Every scientist and expert comes to Huawei to talk about what you are good at best. it doesn’t matter if everyone in Huawei doesn’t understand, because it stays in people’s hearts and knocks open his head, and he won’t close it. If you say you want to get close to our company’s research, we appreciate it, but it’s not what we need most. We do specific work, the vision is relatively short, what we need most is the small part that we can not see, we want to see “the green hill outside the mountain, the building outside the building”. You can see far, and what you are talking about happens to be something we don’t understand, so just tell us. When I was young, I listened to a scientist in computer control systems, who said, “computers are used in bus ticket management.” I am confused. The computer is numeric. How can it be used in ticket management? There was a question mark in my heart at that time, and only later did I know that it was real. Therefore, we have to establish assumptions about social things for ten or a hundred years, and suppose we start to do these things, and the scientists we bring in will do the base ten or twenty years later, and they will not take part in “killing pigs.” we only ask some of them to take part in the battle of “killing pigs” with scalpels.
“Huang Danian Tea House” is an open communication platform. With good internal and external communication, we can connect domestic and foreign universities in the future. You scientists, experts do not need to provide their own computing power, using our cloud platform, including AI algorithms, storage, and so on, can provide you. If you focus on the front end, we can support you on the back end platform.